Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The study was conducted as part of the first author’s doctoral research.
We investigated whether low-functioning children with autism generalise labels from colour photographs based on sameness of shape, colour, or both. Children with autism and language-matched controls were taught novel words paired with photographs of unfamiliar objects, and then sorted pictures and objects into two buckets according to whether or not they were also referents of the newly-learned labels. Stimuli matched depicted referents on shape and/or colour. Children with autism extended labels to items that matched depicted objects on shape and colour, but also frequently generalised to items that matched on only shape or colour. Controls only generalised labels to items that matched the depicted referent’s shape. Thus, low-functioning children with autism may not understand that shape constrains symbolic word–picture–object relations.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Baron-Cohen, S., Baldwin, D. A., & Crowson, M. (1997). Do children with autism use the speaker’s direction of gaze strategy to crack the code of language? Child Development, 68, 48–57. doi: 10.2307/1131924.
Dunn, L. M., Dunn, L. M., Whetton, C., & Burley, J. (1997). The British picture vocabulary scale (2nd ed.). Windsor: NFER-Nelson.
Frost, L., & Bondy, A. (2002). PECS training manual. Newark, DE: Pyramid Educational Consultants.
Hartley, C., & Allen, M. Symbolic understanding of pictures in low-functioning children with autism: The effects of iconicity and naming. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. doi: 10.1007/s10803-013-2007-4.
Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P. C., & Risi, S. (2002). Autism diagnostic observation schedule (WPS edition). Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
Lord, C., Rutter, M., & Le Couteur, A. (1994). Autism diagnostic interview-revised: A revised version of a diagnostic interview for caregivers of individuals with possible pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 24(5), 659–685. doi: 10.1007/BF02172145. PubMedCrossRef
Preissler, M. A., & Carey, S. (2004). Do both pictures and words function as symbols for 18- and 24-month-old children? Journal of Cognition and Development, 5, 185–212. CrossRef
Roid, G. H., & Miller, L. J. (1997). Leiter international performance scale-revised. Wood Dale, IL: Stoelting.
Son, J. Y., Smith, L. B., & Goldstone, R. L. (2006). Generalizing from simple instances: An uncomplicated lesson from kids learning object categories. In Proceedings of the twenty- eighth annual conference of the cognitive science society. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
- Brief Report: Generalisation of Word–Picture Relations in Children with Autism and Typically Developing Children
Melissa L. Allen
- Springer US