Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The Corsi Block Tapping Task is a widespread test used to assess spatial working memory. Previous research hypothesized that the discrepancy found in some cases between the traditional and the digital (touchscreen) version of the Corsi block tapping task may be due to a direct motor resonance between the experimenter’s and the participant’s hand movements. However, we hypothesize that this discrepancy might be due to extra movement-related information included in the traditional version, lacking in the digital one. We investigated the effects of such task-irrelevant information using eCorsi, a touchscreen version of the task. In Experiment 1, we manipulate timing in sequence presentation, creating three conditions. In the Congruent condition, the inter-stimulus intervals reflected the physical distance in which the stimuli were spatially placed: The longer the spatial distance, the longer the temporal interval. In the Incongruent condition the timing changed randomly. Finally, in the Isochronous condition every stimulus appeared after a fixed interval, independently from its spatial position. The results showed a performance enhancement in the Congruent condition, suggesting an incidental spatio-temporal binding. In Experiment 2, we added straight lines between each location in the sequences: In the Trajectories condition participants saw trajectories from one spatial position to the other during sequence presentation, while a condition without such trajectories served as control. Results showed better performances in the Trajectories condition. We suggest that the timing and trajectories information play a significant role in the discrepancies found between the traditional and the touchscreen version of the Corsi Block Tapping Task, without the necessity of explanations involving direct motor resonance (e.g. seeing an actual hand moving) as a causal factor.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Casile, A., & Giese, M. A. (2005). Critical features for the recognition of biological motion. Journal of Vision, 5, 6. CrossRef
Claessen, M. H., Van Der Ham, I. J., & Van Zandvoort, M. J. (2015). Computerization of the standard Corsi block-tapping task affects its underlying cognitive concepts: A pilot study. Applied Neuropsychology: Adult, 22, 180–188. CrossRef
Corsi, P. M. (1972). Human memory and the medial temporal region of the brain. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.
Csibra, G. (2008). Action mirroring and action understanding: an alternative account. In: P. Haggard, Y. Rosetti, & M. Kawato (Eds.), Sensorimotor foundations of higher cognition. Attention and performance XXII (pp. 435–459). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Johansson, G. (1973). Visual perception of biological motion and a model for its analysis. Perception and Psychophysics, 14, 201–211. CrossRef
Prinz, W. (1997). Perception and action planning. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 9, 129–154. CrossRef
Robinson, S. J., & Brewer, G. (2016). Performance on the traditional and the touch screen, tablet versions of the Corsi Block and the Tower of Hanoi tasks. Computers in Human Behavior, 60, 29–34. CrossRef
Smyth, M. M. (1996). Interference with rehearsal in spatial working memory in the absence of eye movements. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: Section A, 49, 940–949. CrossRef
Smyth, M. M., & Scholey, K. A. (1994). Interference in immediate spatial memory. Memory & Cognition, 22, 1–13. CrossRef
Stürmer, B., Aschersleben, G., & Prinz, W. (2000). Correspondence effects with manual gestures and postures: a study of imitation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 26, 1746. PubMed
- Did I see your hand moving? The effect of movement-related information on the Corsi block tapping task
Claudia Del Gatto
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg