Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
There is a growing body of evidence that a higher level of cognitive inhibition is associated with lower experimental pain sensitivity. However, a systematic examination of the association between executive functions, which include not only inhibition but also updating and shifting, and experimental pain sensitivity is lacking. This study aimed to overcome this limitation by exploring the relationship between a range of executive functions and different measures of experimentally induced cold pain in healthy participants. In a group of 54 healthy participants (age 21–24 years), executive functions (EF) were investigated in a systematic manner following a well-established framework developed by Miyake and collaborators. The investigation included multiple tests of inhibition (Stroop, Stop-signal, and Left–right), updating (Keep-track, Letter-memory, and Spatial n-back), and set-shifting (Plus-minus, Number-letter, and Local–global). The cold pressor test was used to obtain measures of pain threshold (the first sensation of pain), sensitivity to pain (the moment when substantial pain was reported), and pain tolerance (the moment when pain became unbearable). Results showed no relationship between pain measures and measures of updating and shifting. All pain measures were related to Stroop interference inhibition score, but not to other two inhibition tasks. Further analyses confirmed the unique relationship between Stroop-type of inhibition and response to pain. We argue that there is a fundamental relationship between cognitive inhibition and pain experience, which relies on one’s ability to suppress automatic processes.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Blom, G. (1958). Statistical estimates and transformed beta-variables. New York: Wiley.
Carter, C. S., & Veen, V. V. (2007). Anterior cingulate cortex and conflict detection: An update of theory and data. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 7(4), 367–379. CrossRef
Chapman, C. (1995). The affective dimension of pain: A model. In B. Bromm & J. E. Desmedt (Eds.), Pain and the brain: From nociception to cognition (pp. 283–301). New York: Raven Press.
Friedman, N. P., & Miyake, A. (2004). The relations among inhibition and interference cognitive functions: A latent variable analysis. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 133, 101–135. CrossRef
Hammar, A. (2012). Automatic information processing. In N. M. Seel (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning (pp. 393–394). Boston, MA: Springer US.
Logan, G. D. (1994). On the ability to inhibit thought and action: A user’s guide to the stop signal paradigm. In: D. Dagenbach, T. H. Carr (Ed.), Inhibitory processes in attention, memory and language. San Diego: Academic.
Logan, G. D., & Cowan, W. B. (1984). On the ability to inhibit thought and action: A theory of an act of control. Psychological Review, 91, 295–327. CrossRef
Lorenz, J., Minoshima, S., & Casey, K. L. (2003). Keeping pain out of mind: The role of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in pain modulation. Brain: A Journal of Neurology, 126(5), 1079–1091. CrossRef
Modić Stanke, K., & Ivanec, D. (2016). Pain threshold—measure of pain sensitivity or social behaviour. Psihologija, 49(1), 37–50. CrossRef
Navon, D. (1977). Forest before trees: The precedence of global features in visual perception. Cognitive Psychology, 9(3), 353–383. CrossRef
Nee, D. E., Wager, T. D., & Jonides, J. (2007). Interference resolution: Insights from a meta-analysis of neuroimaging tasks. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 7(1), 1–17. CrossRef
Purić, D. (2013). The relationship between executive functions and personality traits (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Faculty of philosophy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade. https://phaidrabg.bg.ac.rs/detail_object/o:9339?tab=0#mda. Accessed Feb 10, 2016.
Purić, D., & Pavlović, M. (2012). Executive function of shifting: Factorial structure and relations to personality and intelligence domains. Suvremena Psihologija, 15(2), 177–191.
Scherder, E. J., Eggermont, L., Plooij, B., Oudshoorn, J., Vuijk, P. J., Pickering, G., Lautenbacher, S., Achterberg, W., Oosterman, J. (2008). Relationship between chronic pain and cognition in cognitively intact older persons and in patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Gerontology, 54(1), 50–58. CrossRefPubMed
Sletvold, H., Stiles, T., & Landrø, N. (1995). Information processing in primary fibromyalgia, major depression and healthy controls. Journal of Rheumatology, 22(1), 137–142. PubMed
Stroop, J. R. (1992). Studies of interference in serial verbal reactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 121(1), 15–23. CrossRef
Von Baeyer, C., Piira, T., Chambers, C., Trapanotto, M., & Zeltzer, L. (2005). Guidelines for the cold pressor task as an experimental pain stimulus for use with children. The Journal of Pain, 6(4), 218–227. CrossRef
- Pain and executive functions: a unique relationship between Stroop task and experimentally induced pain
Joukje M. Oosterman
Saša R. Filipović
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg