09-09-2015 | Original Paper
Ultra-Rapid Categorization of Meaningful Real-Life Scenes in Adults With and Without ASD
Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 2/2016Log in om toegang te krijgen
In comparison to typically developing (TD) individuals, people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) appear to be worse in the fast extraction of the global meaning of a situation or picture. Ultra-rapid categorization [paradigm developed by Thorpe et al. (Nature 381:520–522, 1996)] involves such global information processing. We therefore tested a group of adults with and without ASD, without intellectual disability, on a set of ultra-rapid categorization tasks. Individuals with ASD performed equally well as TD individuals except when the task required the categorization of social interactions. These results argue against a general deficit in ultra-rapid gist perception in people with ASD, while suggesting a more specific problem with the fast processing of information about social relations.