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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 5/2019

09-01-2019 | OriginalPaper

Gender Differences in Pragmatic Communication in School-Aged Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Auteurs: Olivia Conlon, Joanne Volden, Isabel M. Smith, Eric Duku, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Charlotte Waddell, Peter Szatmari, Pat Mirenda, Tracy Vaillancourt, Teresa Bennett, Stelios Georgiades, Mayada Elsabbagh, Wendy. J. Ungar, The Pathways in ASD Study Team

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 5/2019

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Abstract

Possible gender differences in manifestations of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) were examined using data on production of narratives. The Expression, Reception and Recall of Narrative Instrument (ERRNI; Bishop, Expression, Reception and Recall of Narrative Instrument, Harcourt assessment, London, 2004) was administered to a sample of matched 8-year-old intellectually able boys and girls with ASD (13M, 13F), who had been selected from a large, longitudinal study. In addition, transcripts of the narratives were analyzed in detail. Significant gender differences were found in narrative production. Girls included more salient story elements than boys. On detailed language analysis, girls were also shown to tell richer stories, including more descriptors of planning or intention. Overall, our findings suggest that subtle differences in social communication may exist between intellectually able boys and girls with ASD. If reliably identifiable in young children, such gender differences may contribute to differential diagnosis of ASD. In addition, such differences may pave the way for differential approaches to intervention when the target is effective communication in sophisticated discourse contexts.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Gender Differences in Pragmatic Communication in School-Aged Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Auteurs
Olivia Conlon
Joanne Volden
Isabel M. Smith
Eric Duku
Lonnie Zwaigenbaum
Charlotte Waddell
Peter Szatmari
Pat Mirenda
Tracy Vaillancourt
Teresa Bennett
Stelios Georgiades
Mayada Elsabbagh
Wendy. J. Ungar
The Pathways in ASD Study Team
Publicatiedatum
09-01-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 5/2019
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-018-03873-2