Managing Eating Aversions and Limited Variety (MEAL) Plan is a structured parent-mediated intervention for children with autism spectrum disorder and moderate food selectivity. Our previously reported group-based clinical trial revealed a positive treatment response rate of 47.3%. Although encouraging, this response rate raises questions about factors that may affect treatment outcomes. Here, we examine the impact of child and parent characteristics and feeding behaviors on treatment response. Higher maternal education and higher child communication abilities at baseline were associated with positive treatment response. Improvement in sitting at the table and reductions in disruptive mealtime behavior promoted treatment success. Results also suggest that individually delivered MEAL Plan may offer more flexibility than group-based intervention for some parents.