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01-02-2007 | Original Paper | Uitgave 2/2007

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 2/2007

Designing Research Studies on Psychosocial Interventions in Autism

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 2/2007
Auteurs:
Tristram Smith, Lawrence Scahill, Geraldine Dawson, Donald Guthrie, Catherine Lord, Samuel Odom, Sally Rogers, Ann Wagner
Belangrijke opmerkingen
The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official position of the National Institute of Mental Health, the National Institutes of Health, or any other part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Abstract

To address methodological challenges in research on psychosocial interventions for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a model was developed for systematically validating and disseminating interventions in a sequence of steps. First, initial efficacy studies are conducted to establish interventions as promising. Next, promising interventions are assembled into a manual, which undergoes pilot-testing. Then, randomized clinical trials test efficacy under controlled conditions. Finally, effectiveness studies evaluate outcomes in community settings. Guidelines for research designs at each step are presented. Based on the model, current priorities in ASD research include (a) preparation for efficacy and effectiveness trials by developing manuals for interventions that have shown promise and (b) initial efficacy studies on interventions for core features of ASD such as social reciprocity.

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Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 2/2007 Naar de uitgave