Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in:

08-10-2021 | Empirical Research

Childhood ADHD Symptoms, Parent Emotion Socialization, and Adolescent Peer Problems: Indirect Effects Through Emotion Dysregulation

Auteurs: Julia D. McQuade, Rosanna Breaux, Arianna E. Mordy, Daria Taubin

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 12/2021

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Although parent reactions to children’s negative emotions are important to the development of adolescent social and emotional functioning, there is a lack of research examining this aspect of parenting in samples that include youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study addresses this gap in the research by examining the independent effects of childhood ADHD symptoms and parent reactions to negative emotions in the longitudinal prediction of adolescent emotion dysregulation and peer problems. A sample of 124 youth (52% female) with and without clinical elevations in ADHD symptoms were assessed in childhood (8–12 years; M = 10.50) and followed up 5–6 years later in adolescence (13–18 years; M = 16.15). Path models tested the direct effects of childhood ADHD symptoms, supportive parent reactions, and non-supportive parent reactions on adolescent peer problems (friendship quality, deviant peer affiliation, peer aggression) and the indirect effects via adolescent emotion dysregulation. Emotion dysregulation mediated the effects of greater ADHD symptoms and of less parent supportive reactions on adolescent peer problems; parent reactions also independently predicted specific adolescent peer problems. Even for youth with clinical elevations in ADHD symptoms, parent reactions to children’s negative emotions may be important in understanding adolescent emotion dysregulation and peer problems.
Voetnoten
1
For adolescents 18 years or older, full symptom count for ADHD was based on displaying 5 symptoms of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).
 
2
Respondents rated children’s unmediated behavior, with the exception of teacher ratings for 12 children, which were based on the child’s medicated behavior because they were either unaware that the child took medication for ADHD or had never observed the child unmedicated. For 22 participants, ADHD symptom ratings were based only on parent report because the teacher declined to complete the rating scale.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
go back to reference Bourchtein, E., Langberg, J. M., Owens, J. S., Evans, S. W., & Perera, R. A. (2017). Is the positive illusory bias common in young adolescents with ADHD? A fresh look at prevalence and stability using latent profile and transition analyses. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 45, 1063–1075. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-016-0248-3. Bourchtein, E., Langberg, J. M., Owens, J. S., Evans, S. W., & Perera, R. A. (2017). Is the positive illusory bias common in young adolescents with ADHD? A fresh look at prevalence and stability using latent profile and transition analyses. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 45, 1063–1075. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10802-016-0248-3.
go back to reference Brand, A. E., & Klimes-Dougan, B. (2010). Emotion socialization in adolescence: The roles of mothers and fathers. In A. K. Root & S. A. Denham (Eds.), Focus on gender: Parent and child contributions to the socialization of emotional competence. (Vol. 2010, Issue 128, pp. 85–100). Jossey-Bass. Brand, A. E., & Klimes-Dougan, B. (2010). Emotion socialization in adolescence: The roles of mothers and fathers. In A. K. Root & S. A. Denham (Eds.), Focus on gender: Parent and child contributions to the socialization of emotional competence. (Vol. 2010, Issue 128, pp. 85–100). Jossey-Bass.
go back to reference Breaux, R., Eadeh, H., Swanson, C. S., & McQuade, J. D. (2021a). Adolescent emotionality and emotion regulation in the context of parent emotion socialization among adolescents with neurodevelopmental disorders: A call to action with pilot data. Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology. Advanced online publication. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-021-00833-w. Breaux, R., Eadeh, H., Swanson, C. S., & McQuade, J. D. (2021a). Adolescent emotionality and emotion regulation in the context of parent emotion socialization among adolescents with neurodevelopmental disorders: A call to action with pilot data. Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology. Advanced online publication. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10802-021-00833-w.
go back to reference Breaux, R., & Langberg, J. M. (2020). Development and refinement of the RELAX intervention, an intervention targeting emotion dysregulation and interpersonal conflict in adolescents with ADHD: Results from a pilot study. Evidence-Based Practice in Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 5, 147–163. https://doi.org/10.1080/23794925.2020.1759468.CrossRef Breaux, R., & Langberg, J. M. (2020). Development and refinement of the RELAX intervention, an intervention targeting emotion dysregulation and interpersonal conflict in adolescents with ADHD: Results from a pilot study. Evidence-Based Practice in Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 5, 147–163. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1080/​23794925.​2020.​1759468.CrossRef
go back to reference Breaux, R., McQuade, J. D., Musser, E. (2021b) Introduction to the special issue: Transdiagnostic implications of parental socialization of child and adolescent emotions. Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-021-00864-3. Breaux, R., McQuade, J. D., Musser, E. (2021b) Introduction to the special issue: Transdiagnostic implications of parental socialization of child and adolescent emotions. Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology. Advance online publication. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10802-021-00864-3.
go back to reference Bunford, N., Brandt, N. E., Golden, C., Dykstra, J. B., Suhr, J. A., & Owens, J. S. (2015a). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms mediate the association between deficits in executive functioning and social impairment in children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 43, 133–147. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-014-9902-9.CrossRefPubMed Bunford, N., Brandt, N. E., Golden, C., Dykstra, J. B., Suhr, J. A., & Owens, J. S. (2015a). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms mediate the association between deficits in executive functioning and social impairment in children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 43, 133–147. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10802-014-9902-9.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Camras, L. A., Shuster, M. M., & Fraumeni, B. R. (2014). Emotion socialization in the family with an emphasis on culture. In Children and emotion (Vol. 26, pp. 67–80). Karger Publishers. Camras, L. A., Shuster, M. M., & Fraumeni, B. R. (2014). Emotion socialization in the family with an emphasis on culture. In Children and emotion (Vol. 26, pp. 67–80). Karger Publishers.
go back to reference Fabes, R. A., Eisenberg, N., & Bernzweig, J. (1990). The coping with children’s negative emotions scale: Description and scoring. Unpublished manuscript. Department of Family Resources and Human Development, Arizona State University, AZ. Fabes, R. A., Eisenberg, N., & Bernzweig, J. (1990). The coping with children’s negative emotions scale: Description and scoring. Unpublished manuscript. Department of Family Resources and Human Development, Arizona State University, AZ.
go back to reference Friedlmeier, W., Corapci, F., & Cole, P. M. (2011). Emotion socialization in cross‐cultural perspective. Social and personality psychology compass, 5(7), 410–427.CrossRef Friedlmeier, W., Corapci, F., & Cole, P. M. (2011). Emotion socialization in cross‐cultural perspective. Social and personality psychology compass, 5(7), 410–427.CrossRef
go back to reference Harter (2012). Self-perception profile for children: Manual and questionnaires. Denver, CO: University of Denver, Department of Psychology. Harter (2012). Self-perception profile for children: Manual and questionnaires. Denver, CO: University of Denver, Department of Psychology.
go back to reference Kline, Rex B. (1998). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. NY: Guilford Press. Kline, Rex B. (1998). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. NY: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Lee, C. A., Milich, R., Lorch, E. P., Flory, K., Owens, J. S., Lamont, A. E., & Evans, S. W. (2018). Forming first impressions of children: The role of attention‐deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms and emotion dysregulation. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 59, 556–564. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.12835.CrossRefPubMed Lee, C. A., Milich, R., Lorch, E. P., Flory, K., Owens, J. S., Lamont, A. E., & Evans, S. W. (2018). Forming first impressions of children: The role of attention‐deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms and emotion dysregulation. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 59, 556–564. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1111/​jcpp.​12835.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference McQuade, J. D. (2020). Peer Functioning in Adolescents with ADHD. In S. P. Becker (Ed). ADHD in Adolescence: A Developmental Psychopathology Approach. (128–147) New York: Guilford Press. McQuade, J. D. (2020). Peer Functioning in Adolescents with ADHD. In S. P. Becker (Ed). ADHD in Adolescence: A Developmental Psychopathology Approach. (128–147) New York: Guilford Press.
go back to reference Mikami, A. Y., Normand, S., Hudec, K. L., Guiet, J., Na, J. J., Smit, S., Khalis, A., & Maisonneuve, M. F. (2020). Treatment of friendship problems in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Initial results from a randomized clinical trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 88, 871–885. https://doi.org/10.1037/ccp0000607.CrossRefPubMed Mikami, A. Y., Normand, S., Hudec, K. L., Guiet, J., Na, J. J., Smit, S., Khalis, A., & Maisonneuve, M. F. (2020). Treatment of friendship problems in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: Initial results from a randomized clinical trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 88, 871–885. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1037/​ccp0000607.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Morris, A. S., Silk, J. S., Steinberg, L., Myers, S. S., & Robinson, L. R. (2007). The role of the family context in the development of emotion regulation. Social Development, 16, 361–388. 1467-9507.2007.00389.x.CrossRefPubMed Morris, A. S., Silk, J. S., Steinberg, L., Myers, S. S., & Robinson, L. R. (2007). The role of the family context in the development of emotion regulation. Social Development, 16, 361–388. 1467-9507.2007.00389.x.CrossRefPubMed
go back to reference Murray-Close, D., Hoza, B., Hinshaw, S. P., Arnold, L. E., Swanson, J., Jensen, P. S., Hechtman, L., & Wells, K. (2010). Developmental processes in peer problems of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in the Multimodal treatment study of children With ADHD: Developmental cascades and vicious cycles. Development and Psychopathology, 22(4), 785–802. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954579410000465.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral Murray-Close, D., Hoza, B., Hinshaw, S. P., Arnold, L. E., Swanson, J., Jensen, P. S., Hechtman, L., & Wells, K. (2010). Developmental processes in peer problems of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in the Multimodal treatment study of children With ADHD: Developmental cascades and vicious cycles. Development and Psychopathology, 22(4), 785–802. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1017/​S095457941000046​5.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (2017). Mplus User’s Guide. (8th Ed.). Muthén & Muthén. Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (2017). Mplus User’s Guide. (8th Ed.). Muthén & Muthén.
go back to reference Parker, J. G., Rubin, K. H., Erath, S. A., Wojslawowicz, J. C., & Buskirk, A. A. (2006). Peer relationships, child development, and adjustment: A developmental psychopathology perspective. In D. Cicchetti & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology: Theory and method, Vol. 1. 2 nd. (pp. 419–493). John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Parker, J. G., Rubin, K. H., Erath, S. A., Wojslawowicz, J. C., & Buskirk, A. A. (2006). Peer relationships, child development, and adjustment: A developmental psychopathology perspective. In D. Cicchetti & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology: Theory and method, Vol. 1. 2 nd. (pp. 419–493). John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
go back to reference Smit, S., Mikami, A. Y., & Normand, S. (2021). Effects of the Parental Friendship Coaching Intervention on parental emotion socialization of children with ADHD. Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology. Advanced Online Publication. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10802-021-00818-9. Smit, S., Mikami, A. Y., & Normand, S. (2021). Effects of the Parental Friendship Coaching Intervention on parental emotion socialization of children with ADHD. Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology. Advanced Online Publication. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10802-021-00818-9.
Metagegevens
Titel
Childhood ADHD Symptoms, Parent Emotion Socialization, and Adolescent Peer Problems: Indirect Effects Through Emotion Dysregulation
Auteurs
Julia D. McQuade
Rosanna Breaux
Arianna E. Mordy
Daria Taubin
Publicatiedatum
08-10-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 12/2021
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-021-01510-3

Andere artikelen Uitgave 12/2021

Journal of Youth and Adolescence 12/2021 Naar de uitgave