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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence 12/2021

02-12-2020 | Empirical Research

Adolescent Risk of Dating Violence and Electronic Dating Abuse: A Latent Class Analysis

Auteurs: Elyse Joan Thulin, Justin E. Heinze, Poco Kernsmith, Joanne Smith-Darden, Paul J. Fleming

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 12/2021

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Abstract

Electronic forms of dating violence among youth are common yet little is known about how these forms of violence overlap with the commonly studied domains of physical, sexual and verbal teen dating violence. Using factor analysis and latent class analysis, this study identifies patterns of electronic, verbal, physical and sexual dating violence victimization and perpetration in 9th and 12th graders. Data are from 470 9th (n = 190; 60.5% female; mean age = 12.0 years, age range: 11.3–13.8) and 12th graders (n = 280; 63.9% female; mean age = 14.9 years, age range: 14.0–16.6) from southeastern Michigan. A 5-class solution for 9th graders and a 6-class solution for 12th graders were selected given fit and interpretability. Classes were characterized by domain(s) of violence, as opposed to perpetration or victimization. Three domains of electronic dating aggression were identified: monitoring, harassment, and coercion. Electronic dating aggression was present in the majority of classes, and overlapped substantially with other domains of violence. The highest risk class had risk of victimization and perpetration for all types of dating violence (electronic monitoring, electronic harassment, electronic coercion, verbal violence, physical violence and sexual violence). Drug use and experiencing one or more adverse childhood experiences predicted membership in a higher risk group for the older cohort, while alcohol consumption predicted higher risk for the younger cohort. The findings from this study show overlap between dating violence domains and imply that domains of electronic dating violence are important to consider in conjunction with physical, sexual and verbal domains, to address teen dating violence.
Literatuur
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Metagegevens
Titel
Adolescent Risk of Dating Violence and Electronic Dating Abuse: A Latent Class Analysis
Auteurs
Elyse Joan Thulin
Justin E. Heinze
Poco Kernsmith
Joanne Smith-Darden
Paul J. Fleming
Publicatiedatum
02-12-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 12/2021
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-020-01361-4

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