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01-05-2010 | Uitgave 4/2010 Open Access

Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 4/2010

Toddlers’ Temperament Profiles: Stability and Relations to Negative and Positive Parenting

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology > Uitgave 4/2010
Auteurs:
Alithe L. van den Akker, Maja Deković, Peter Prinzie, Jessica J. Asscher
Belangrijke opmerkingen
An erratum to this article is available at http://​dx.​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10802-015-0006-y.

Abstract

This study investigated the type and stability of temperament profiles in toddlers, and relations of profile probability to negative and positive parenting trajectories. Mothers (N = 96) rated their child’s (41 girls and 54 boys) Sociability, Anger Proneness, and Activity Level four times during 1 year. The assessment of parenting included both maternal self-reports and observational measures. Latent profile analysis indicated three child temperament profiles: a well-adjusted ‘typical’ profile, an ‘expressive’ profile with heightened externalizing problems, and a ‘fearful’ profile with heightened internalizing problems. Although toddlers’ profile classifications were highly stable across 1 year, individual differences in (changes in) toddlers’ temperament profile probability occurred. We identified negative and positive parenting as environmental mechanisms that were related to the development of temperament profiles over time. These results support the notion that, in addition to having a genetic base, temperament is subject to maturation and experience over time.

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