Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The current study investigated the patterns of aggressive behavior displayed in a sample of 282 students in the 4th through 7th grades (M age = 11.28; SD = 1.82). Using cluster analyses, two distinct patterns of physical aggression emerged for both boys and girls with one aggressive cluster showing mild levels of reactive aggression and one group showing high levels of both reactive and proactive aggression. Both aggressive clusters showed problems with anger dysregulation, impulsivity, thrill and adventure seeking, positive outcome expectancies for aggression, and higher rates of bullying. However, the combined cluster was most severe on all of these variables and only the combined aggressive group differed from non-aggressive students on their level of callous-unemotional traits. Similar patterns of findings emerged for relational aggression but only for girls.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Atkins, M., Osborne, M., Bennett, D., Hess, L., & Halperin, J. (2001). Children’s competitive peer aggression during reward and punishment. Aggressive Behavior, 27, 1–13. CrossRef
Berkowitz, L. (1993). Aggression: Its causes, consequences, and control. New York: Academic.
Biggs, B. K., Twemlow, S. W., Fonagy, P., & Dill, E. J. (2008). Teacher adherence and its relations to teacher attitudes and student outcomes in an elementary school-based violence prevention program. School Psychology Review, 37, 533–549.
Burke, J. D., Loeber, R., & Lahey, B. B. (2007). Adolescent conduct disorder and interpersonal callousness as predictors of psychopathy in young adults. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 36, 334–346. PubMed
Camodeca, M., Goossens, F. A., Terwogt, M. M., & Schuengel, C. (2002). Bullying and victimization among school-age children: Stability and links to proactive and reactive aggression. Maryland: Blackwell.
Card, N. A. & Little, T. D. (2006). Proactive and reactive aggression in childhood and adolescence: a meta-analysis of differential relations with psychosocial adjustment. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 30, 466–480. CrossRef
Cohen, J. (1983). The cost of dichotomization. Applied Psychological Measurement, 7, 249–253. CrossRef
Costello, E. J. & Angold, A. (2006). Developmental epidemiology. In D. Cichetti & D. J. Cohen (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology, Vol.1: Theory and method (2nd ed., pp. 41–75). Hoboken: Wiley.
Dill, E. J., Vernberg, E. M., Fongay, P., Twemlow, S. W., & Gamm, B. K. (2008). Negative affect in victimized children: the roles of social withdrawal, peer rejection, and attitudes toward bullying. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 32, 159–173. CrossRef
Esbesnsen, F. A., Melde, C., Taylor, T. J., & Peterson, D. (2008). Active parental consent in school-based research: how much is enough and how do we get it? Evaluation Review, 32, 335–362. CrossRef
Frick, P. J. (2006). Developmental pathways to conduct disorder. Child Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 15, 311–332. CrossRef
Frick, P. J. & Hare, R. D. (2001). Antisocial process screening device: Technical manual. New York: Multi-Health Systems.
Frick, P. & White, S. (2008). Research review: the importance of callous-unemotional traits for developmental models of aggressive and antisocial behavior. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 49, 359–375. CrossRef
Frick, P. J., Stickle, T. R., Dandreaux, D. M., Farrell, J. M., & Kimonis, E. R. (2005). Callous-unemotional traits in predicting the severity and stability of conduct problems and delinquency. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 33, 471–487.
Hubbard, J., Cillessen, A., Dodge, K., Coie, J., & Schwartz, D. (2001). The dyadic nature of social information processing in boys' reactive and proactive aggression. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 80, 268–280. CrossRef
Kimonis, E., Frick, P., Skeem, J., Marsee, M., Cruise, K., Munoz, L., et al. (2008). Assessing callous–unemotional traits in adolescent offenders: validation of the inventory of callous–unemotional traits. International Journal of Law & Psychiatry, 31, 241–252. CrossRef
Kruh, I. P., Frick, P. J., & Clement, C. B. (2005). Historical and personality correlates to the violence patterns of juveniles tried as adults. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 32, 69–96. CrossRef
Lagerspetz, K. M. J., Bjorkqvist, K., & Peltonen, T. (1988). Is indirect aggression typical of females? Gender differences in aggressiveness in 11-to 12-year-old children. Aggressive Behavior, 14, 403–413. CrossRef
Little, T. D., Jones, S. M., Henrich, C. C., & Hawley, P. H. (2003). Disentangling the “whys” from “whats” of aggressive behavior. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 27, 122–133. CrossRef
Lochman, J.E., Wells, K, & Lenhart L (2008). Coping power: Child group facilitator’sguide. Oxford University Press.
Loney, B. R., Frick, P. J., Clements, C. B., Ellis, M. L., & Kerlin, K. (2004). Callous-unemotional traits, impulsivity, and emotional processing in adolescents with antisocial behavior problems. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 32, 66–80.
Lynn, C., McKay, M., & Atkins, M. (2003). School social work: meeting the mental health needs of students through collaboration with teachers. Children & Schools, 25, 197–209.
Marsee, M.A., Barry, C.T. Frick, P.J., Kimonis, E.R., Muñoz, L.C., & Aucoin, K.J. (2006). Factor structure of the peer conflict scale in a sample of juvenile justice involved youth. Manuscript in preparation .
Marsee, M. A., Weems, C. F., & Taylor, L. K. (2008). Exploring the association between aggression and anxiety in youth: a look at aggressive subtypes, gender, and social cognition. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 17, 154–168. CrossRef
Olweus, D. (1991). Bully/victim problems among school children: basic facts and effects of a school based intervention program. In D. Pepler & K. Rubin (Eds.), The development and treatment of childhood aggression (pp. 441–448). Hillsdale: Erlbaum.
Olweus, D. (2001). Peer harassment: a critical analysis and some important issues. In J. Juvonen & S. Graham (Eds.), Peer harassment in school: the plight of the vulnerable and victimized (pp. 3–20). New York: Guilford.
Ostrov, J. M. & Keating, C. F. (2004). Gender differences in preschool aggression during free play and structured interactions: an observational study. Social Development, 13, 256–277. CrossRef
Phillips, N. & Lochman, J. (2003). Experimentally manipulated change in children's proactive and reactive aggressive behavior. Aggressive Behavior, 29, 215–227. CrossRef
Pitts, T. B. (1997). Reduced heart rate levels in aggressive children. In A. Raine, P. A. Brennan, D. P. Farrington & S. A. Mednick (Eds.), Biosocial bases of violence (pp. 317–320). New York: Plenum.
Raine, A., Dodge, K., Loeber, R., Gatzke-Kopp, L., Lynam, D., Reynolds, C., et al. (2006). The reactive-proactive aggression questionnaire: differential correlates of reactive and proactive aggression in adolescent boys. Aggressive Behavior, 32, 159–171. CrossRef
Rhys, G. S. & Bear, G. G. (1997). Relational aggression and peer relations: gender and developmental issues. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 43(1), 87–106.
Russo, M. F., Garnett, S. S., Lahey, B. B., et al. (1993). A sensation seeking scale for children: further refinement and psychometric development. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 15, 69–86. CrossRef
Salmivalli, C. & Nieminen, E. (2002). Proactive and reactive aggression among school children: bullies, victims, and bully-victims. Aggressive Behavior, 28, 30–44. CrossRef
Solberg, M. E., Owleaus, D., & Endresen, I. M. (2007). Bullies and victims at school: are they the same pupils? British Journal of Educational Psychology, 7, 441–467. CrossRef
Storch, E. A., Masia-Warner, C., Crisp, H., & Stein, R. G. (2005). Peer victimization and Social anxiety in adolescence: a prospective study. Aggressive Behavior, 31, 437–452. CrossRef
Underwood, M. K., Galen, B. R., & Paquette, J. A. (2001). Admirations rather than hostilities: response to Archer, Bjorkqvist, and Crick et al. Social Development, 10, 275–280. CrossRef
Unever, J. D. (2005). Bullies, aggressive victims, and victims: are they distinct groups? Aggressive Behavior, 31, 153–171. CrossRef
Walters, G. D. (2005). Proactive and reactive aggression: a lifestyle view. In J. P. Morgan (Ed.), Psychology of Aggression (pp. 29–43). Hauppauge: Nova Science.
Zeman, J., Shipman, K., & Penza-Clyve, S. (2001). Development and initial validation of the children’s sadness management scale. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 25, 187–205. CrossRef
- Patterns of Physical and Relational Aggression in a School-Based Sample of Boys and Girls
Ann Marie Crapanzano
Paul J. Frick
Andrew M. Terranova
- Springer US