Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
The relationship between adaptive functioning and autism symptomatology was examined in 1,089 verbal youths with ASD examining results on Vineland-II, IQ, and measures of ASD severity. Strong positive relationships were found between Vineland subscales and IQ. Vineland Composite was negatively associated with age. IQ accounted a significant amount of the variance in overall adaptive skills (55%) beyond age and ASD severity. Individuals with ASD demonstrated significant adaptive deficits and negligible associations were found between the level of autism symptomatology and adaptive behavior. The results indicate that IQ is a strong predictor of adaptive behavior, the gap between IQ and adaptive impairments decreases in lower functioning individuals with ASD, and older individuals have a greater gap between IQ and adaptive skills.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Centers for Disease Control. (2009). Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders: Autism and developmental disabilities monitoring network, United States, 2006. MMWR Surveillance Summaries, 58(10), 1–20.
Cicchetti, D. V. (2007). Assessing the reliability of blind wine tasting: Differentiating levels of clinical and statistical meaningfulness. Journal of Wine Economics, 2, 196–202.
Cicchetti, D. V. (2008). From Bayes to the just noticeable difference to effect sizes: A note to understanding the clinical and statistical significance of oenologic research findings. Journal of Wine Economics, 3, 185–193. CrossRef
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Constantino, J. N., Davis, S. A., Todd, R. D., Schindler, M. K., Gross, M. M., Brophy, S. L., et al. (2003a). Validation of a brief quantitative measure of autistic traits: Comparison of the Social Responsiveness Scale with the autism diagnostic interview-revised. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 33(4), 427–433. PubMedCrossRef
Constantino, J. N., Hudziak, J. J., & Todd, R. D. (2003b). Deficits in reciprocal social behavior in male twins: Evidence for a genetically independent domain of psychopathology. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 42(4), 458–467. CrossRef
Elliot, C. (2007). Differential Abilities Scale—2nd edition (DAS-II) manual. San Antonio, TX: Harcourt Assessment, Inc.
Gabriels, R. L., Ivers, B. J., Hill, D. E., Agnew, J. A., & McNeill, J. (2007). Stability of adaptive behaviors in middle-school children with autism spectrum disorders. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 1(4), 291–303. CrossRef
Klin, A., Saulnier, C., Chawarska, K., & Volkmar, F. R. (2008). Case studies of infants first evaluated in the second year of life. In K. K. A. V. F. R. Chawarska (Ed.), Autism spectrum disorders in infants and toddlers: Diagnosis, assessment, and treatment (pp. 141–169). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Klin, A., Saulnier, C. A., Sparrow, S. S., Cicchetti, D. V., Volkmar, F. R., & Lord, C. (2007). Social and communication abilities and disabilities in higher functioning individuals with autism spectrum disorders: The Vineland and the ADOS. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(4), 748–759. PubMedCrossRef
Lord, C., DiLavorne, P. C., & Risi, S. (2002). Autism diagnostic observation schedule. Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.
McCarthy, P. L., Cicchetti, D. V., Sznajderman, S. D., Forsyth, B. C., Baron, M. A., Fink, H. D., et al. (1991). Demographic, clinical, and psychosocial predictors of the reliability of mothers’ clinical judgments. Pediatrics, 88(5), 1041–1046. PubMed
Mullen, E. M. (1995). Mullen Scales of early learning (AGS ed.). Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service, Inc.
Paul, R., Miles, S., Cicchetti, D., Sparrow, S., Klin, A., Volkmar, F., et al. (2004). Adaptive behavior in autism and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified: Microanalysis of scores on the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34(2), 223–228. PubMedCrossRef
Psychological Corporation. (1999). Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.
Rutter, M., Le Couteur, A., & Lord, C. (2003a). Autism diagnostic interview—Revised. Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.
Rutter, M., Le Couteur, A., & Lord, C. (2003b). Autism diagnostic interview—Revised. Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.
Saulnier, C., Chawarska, K., & Klin, A. (2008). The relationship between adaptive functioning and symptoms severity in toddlers with ASD. Paper presented at the Paper presented at the International Meeting for Autism Research, London, UK.
Sparrow, S., Balla, D. A., & Cicchetti, D. (1984). Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales (expanded form). Circle Pine, MN: American Guidance Service.
Sparrow, S. S., Cicchetti, D., & Balla, D. A. (2005). Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales—2nd edition manual. Minneapolis, MN: NCS Pearson, Inc.
Tsatsanis, K. D. (2005). Neuropsychological characteristics in autism and related conditions. In F. R. Volkmar, R. Paul, A. Klin, & D. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders, Vol. 1: Diagnosis, development, neurobiology, and behavior (3rd ed., pp. 365–381). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Volkmar, F. R., Sparrow, S. S., Goudreau, D., Cicchetti, D. V., et al. (1987). Social deficits in autism: An operational approach using the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales. Mar 1987. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 26(2), 156–161. CrossRef
Wechsler, D. (1999). The Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence. San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation.
Wechsler, D. (2003). Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (4th ed.). San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.
Williams, S. K., Scahill, L., Vitiello, B., Aman, M. G., Arnold, L. E., McDougle, C. J., et al. (2006). Risperidone and adaptive behavior in children with autism. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 45(4), 431–439. CrossRef
- The Role of Adaptive Behavior in Autism Spectrum Disorders: Implications for Functional Outcome
Stephen M. Kanne
Andrew J. Gerber
Linda M. Quirmbach
Sara S. Sparrow
Domenic V. Cicchetti
Celine A. Saulnier
- Springer US