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01-08-2011 | Brief Report

Brief Report: Broader Autism Phenotype Predicts Spontaneous Reciprocity of Direct Gaze

Auteurs: Frances S. Chen, Jennifer M. D. Yoon

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 8/2011

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Abstract

We report evidence for a relationship in the general population between self-reported autism-associated traits and the spontaneous reciprocation of direct gaze, a behavior that we propose may reflect a tendency to synchronize with social partners. Adults viewed videos of actors whose gaze was either directed towards or averted from them. Individuals with lower scores on four subscales of the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) scale showed a greater tendency to look at directed relative to averted eyes; individuals with higher scores on the AQ did not. This relationship was specific to autism-associated traits and to gaze towards the eyes; it did not generalize to a social anxiety measure or to gaze towards the mouth. We discuss implications for our understanding of the broader autism phenotype.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Brief Report: Broader Autism Phenotype Predicts Spontaneous Reciprocity of Direct Gaze
Auteurs
Frances S. Chen
Jennifer M. D. Yoon
Publicatiedatum
01-08-2011
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 8/2011
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-010-1136-2

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