Skip to main content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies 9/2015

01-09-2015 | Original Paper

Rough-and-Tumble Play and Other Parental Factors as Correlates of Anxiety Symptoms in Preschool Children

Auteurs: Lorraine Fliek, Ellen Daemen, Jeffrey Roelofs, Peter Muris

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Child and Family Studies | Uitgave 9/2015

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

The present study investigated the relationship between parental rough-and-tumble (R&T) play and young children’s anxiety symptoms. Parents of 105 non-clinical children (61 boys and 44 girls aged between 2 and 6 years) completed indices of childhood anxiety symptoms and parental trait anxiety and overprotection, as well as the Parental Play and Care Questionnaire, which was developed for the purpose of this study to assess parental R&T play and care activities. Results showed that fathers exhibited more R&T play towards their offspring, while mothers more often engaged in care activities. As predicted, trait anxiety and overprotection of mothers were positively related to child anxiety symptoms. No support was found for the idea that parental R&T play would be negatively related to childhood anxiety. However, an interaction effect of fathers’ trait anxiety and R&T play on anxiety symptoms of the child was found: children tended to display higher levels of anxiety symptoms when their low trait anxious fathers were more involved in R&T play. The results provide support for the notion that mothers and fathers have unique parenting roles, which may have a differential impact on the development of anxiety symptoms in children.
Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Literatuur
go back to reference Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. A. (2000). Manual for the ASEBA preschool forms & profiles:. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families. Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. A. (2000). Manual for the ASEBA preschool forms & profiles:. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families.
go back to reference Baumrind, D. (1967). Child care practices anteceding three patterns of preschool behavior. Genetic Psychology Monographs, 75, 43–88. PubMedCrossRef Baumrind, D. (1967). Child care practices anteceding three patterns of preschool behavior. Genetic Psychology Monographs, 75, 43–88. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Craske, M. G. (2003). Origins of phobias and anxiety disorders: why more women than men. Oxford: Elsevier. Craske, M. G. (2003). Origins of phobias and anxiety disorders: why more women than men. Oxford: Elsevier.
go back to reference Dumont, C., & Paquette, D. (2013). What about the child’s tie to the father? A new insight into fathering, father–child attachment, children’s socio-emotional development and the activation relationship theory. Early Child Development and Care, 183, 430–446. doi: 10.​1080/​03004430.​2012.​711592. CrossRef Dumont, C., & Paquette, D. (2013). What about the child’s tie to the father? A new insight into fathering, father–child attachment, children’s socio-emotional development and the activation relationship theory. Early Child Development and Care, 183, 430–446. doi: 10.​1080/​03004430.​2012.​711592. CrossRef
go back to reference Edwards, S. L. (2007). Temperament and environmental risk factors contributing to anxiety symptoms in preschool- aged children. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Macquarie University, Australia. Edwards, S. L. (2007). Temperament and environmental risk factors contributing to anxiety symptoms in preschool- aged children. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Macquarie University, Australia.
go back to reference Edwards, S. L., Rapee, R. M., Kennedy, S. J., & Spence, S. H. (2010b). The assessment of anxiety symptoms in preschool-aged children: The revised preschool anxiety scale. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 39, 400–409. doi: 10.​1080/​1537441100369170​1. CrossRef Edwards, S. L., Rapee, R. M., Kennedy, S. J., & Spence, S. H. (2010b). The assessment of anxiety symptoms in preschool-aged children: The revised preschool anxiety scale. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 39, 400–409. doi: 10.​1080/​1537441100369170​1. CrossRef
go back to reference Eley, T. C. (2001). Contributions of behavioural genetics research: Quantifying genetic, shared environment and nonshared environmental influences. In M. W. Vasey & M. R. Dadds (Eds.), The developmental psychopathology of anxiety (pp. 45–59). London: Oxford University Press. Eley, T. C. (2001). Contributions of behavioural genetics research: Quantifying genetic, shared environment and nonshared environmental influences. In M. W. Vasey & M. R. Dadds (Eds.), The developmental psychopathology of anxiety (pp. 45–59). London: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Kirk, R. E. (1982). Experimental design: Procedures for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Belmont: Wadsworth. Kirk, R. E. (1982). Experimental design: Procedures for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Belmont: Wadsworth.
go back to reference Lewis-Morrarty, E., Degnan, K., Chronis-Tuscano, A., Rubin, K., Cheah, C. L., Pine, D. S., & Fox, N. A. (2012). Maternal over-control moderates the association between early childhood behavioral inhibition and adolescent social anxiety symptoms. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40, 1363–1373. doi: 10.​1007/​s10802-012-9663-2. PubMedCrossRef Lewis-Morrarty, E., Degnan, K., Chronis-Tuscano, A., Rubin, K., Cheah, C. L., Pine, D. S., & Fox, N. A. (2012). Maternal over-control moderates the association between early childhood behavioral inhibition and adolescent social anxiety symptoms. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40, 1363–1373. doi: 10.​1007/​s10802-012-9663-2. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Majdandžić, M., Möller, E. L., Vente, W., Bögels, S. M., & van den Boom, D. C. (2014). Fathers’ challenging parenting behavior prevents social anxiety development in their 4-year-old children: A longitudinal observational study. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 42, 301–310. doi: 10.​1007/​s10802-013-9774-4. PubMedCrossRef Majdandžić, M., Möller, E. L., Vente, W., Bögels, S. M., & van den Boom, D. C. (2014). Fathers’ challenging parenting behavior prevents social anxiety development in their 4-year-old children: A longitudinal observational study. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 42, 301–310. doi: 10.​1007/​s10802-013-9774-4. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Mian, N., Wainwright, L., Briggs-Gowan, M., & Carter, A. (2011). An ecological risk model for early childhood anxiety: The importance of early child symptoms and temperament. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 39, 501–512. doi: 10.​1007/​s10802-010-9476-0. PubMedCrossRef Mian, N., Wainwright, L., Briggs-Gowan, M., & Carter, A. (2011). An ecological risk model for early childhood anxiety: The importance of early child symptoms and temperament. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 39, 501–512. doi: 10.​1007/​s10802-010-9476-0. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Möller, E. L., Majdandžić, M., De Vente, W., & Bögels, S. M. (2013). The evolutionary basis of sex differences in parenting and its relationship with child anxiety in western societies. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 4, 88–117. doi: 10.​5127/​jep.​026912. Möller, E. L., Majdandžić, M., De Vente, W., & Bögels, S. M. (2013). The evolutionary basis of sex differences in parenting and its relationship with child anxiety in western societies. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 4, 88–117. doi: 10.​5127/​jep.​026912.
go back to reference Muris, P., & Field, A. (2011). The “normal” development of fear. In W. K. Silverman & A. P. Field (Eds.), Anxiety disorders in children and adolescents (pp. 76–89). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef Muris, P., & Field, A. (2011). The “normal” development of fear. In W. K. Silverman & A. P. Field (Eds.), Anxiety disorders in children and adolescents (pp. 76–89). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Paquette, D., Carbonneau, R., Dubeau, D., Bigras, M., & Tremblay, R. (2003). Prevalence of father-child rough-and-tumble play and physical aggression in preschool children. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 18, 171–189. doi: 10.​1007/​BF03173483. CrossRef Paquette, D., Carbonneau, R., Dubeau, D., Bigras, M., & Tremblay, R. (2003). Prevalence of father-child rough-and-tumble play and physical aggression in preschool children. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 18, 171–189. doi: 10.​1007/​BF03173483. CrossRef
go back to reference Spielberger, C. D. (1983). Manual for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-form Y). Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologists Press. Spielberger, C. D. (1983). Manual for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-form Y). Palo Alto: Consulting Psychologists Press.
go back to reference Treutler, C. M., & Epkins, C. C. (2003). Are discrepancies among child, mother, and father reports on children’s behavior related to parents’ psychological symptoms and aspects of parent-child relationships? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 31, 13–27. doi: 10.​1023/​a:​1021765114434. PubMedCrossRef Treutler, C. M., & Epkins, C. C. (2003). Are discrepancies among child, mother, and father reports on children’s behavior related to parents’ psychological symptoms and aspects of parent-child relationships? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 31, 13–27. doi: 10.​1023/​a:​1021765114434. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Van der Ploeg, H. M., Defares, P. B., & Spielberger, C. D. (1980). Handleiding bij de zelfbeoordelingsvragenlijst, ZBV: een Nederlandse vertaling van de Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Lisse: Swets & Zeitlinger. Van der Ploeg, H. M., Defares, P. B., & Spielberger, C. D. (1980). Handleiding bij de zelfbeoordelingsvragenlijst, ZBV: een Nederlandse vertaling van de Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Lisse: Swets & Zeitlinger.
go back to reference Witt, S. D. (1997). Parental influence on children’s socialization to gender roles. [Article]. Adolescence, 32, 253–259. PubMed Witt, S. D. (1997). Parental influence on children’s socialization to gender roles. [Article]. Adolescence, 32, 253–259. PubMed
Metagegevens
Titel
Rough-and-Tumble Play and Other Parental Factors as Correlates of Anxiety Symptoms in Preschool Children
Auteurs
Lorraine Fliek
Ellen Daemen
Jeffrey Roelofs
Peter Muris
Publicatiedatum
01-09-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Child and Family Studies / Uitgave 9/2015
Print ISSN: 1062-1024
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-2843
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-014-0083-5

Andere artikelen Uitgave 9/2015

Journal of Child and Family Studies 9/2015 Naar de uitgave