Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Millions of women experience childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and physical intimate partner violence (PIPV). Yet, little is known about the pathways through which these victimization experiences may impact women’s sense of their parenting competence. We conducted a secondary analysis of a dataset obtained through the National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect. The purpose of our study was to examine associations between CSA, PIPV, depressive symptoms, personal mastery, and perceptions of parenting competence among low-income mothers of young children (N = 264). Our hypotheses were: (a) CSA would be positively associated with PIPV, (b) PIPV would be positively associated with depressive symptoms and negatively associated with mastery and parenting competence, and (c) the association between PIPV and women’s sense of parenting competence would be mediated by depressive symptoms and mastery. The results supported our first and third hypotheses and partially supported our second hypothesis. Our study findings suggest that interventions that reduce mothers’ depressive symptoms may also improve their perceptions of personal mastery and parenting competence.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Benedict, M. I. (1998). Parenting among women sexually abused in childhood. Final report submitted to the Department of Health and Human Services. Grant #90-CA-1544.
Benedict, M. I. (2001). Parenting among women sexually abused in childhood, 1998— User’s Guide. National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect. Retrieved from http://www.ndacan.cornell.edu/NDACAN/Datasets/UserGuidePDFs/085user.pdf.
Black, M. C., Basile, K. C., Breiding, M. J., Smith, S. G., Walters, M. L., Merrick, M. T., Chen, J., & Stevens, M. R. (2011). The National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS): 2010 Summary Report. Atlanta, GA: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/nisvs/.
Canady, R. B., Stommel, M., & Holzman, C. (2009). Measurement properties of the Centers for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) in a sample of African–American and non-Hispanic White pregnant women. Journal of Nursing Measurement, 17(2), 91–104. doi: 10.1891/1061-37188.8.131.52. PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
Cook, A., Spinazzola, J., Ford, J., Lanktree, C., Blaustein, M., Cloitre, M., et al. (2005). Complex trauma in children and adolescents. Psychiatric Annals, 35(5), 390–398.
Engfer, A. (1988). The interrelatedness of marriage and the mother–child relationship. In R. A. Hinde & J. Stevenson-Hinde (Eds.), Relationships within families: Mutual influences (pp. 104–118). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gibaud-Wallston, J., & Wandersman, L. P. (1978). Development and utility of the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, Toronto, Canada.
Gilmore, L., & Cuskelly, M. (2009). Factor structure of the Parenting Sense of Competence Scale using a normative sample. Child: Care, Health and Development, 38(1), 48–55. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2214.2008.00867.x.
Jackson, A. P., & Huang, C. C. (2000). Parenting stress and behavior among single mothers of preschoolers: The mediating role of self-efficacy. Journal of Social Service Research, 26(4), 29–42. doi: 10.1300/J079v26n04_02.
Kenny, D. A. (2011). Path analysis. Retrieved June 1, 2014, from http://davidakenny.net/cm/pathanal.htm.
Kline, R. B. (2005). Principles and practices of structural equation modeling (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (2012). Mplus statistical analysis with latent variables user’s guide (7th ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Author.
U.S. Census Bureau. (2012). Mother’s day: May 13, 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2014, from http://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/pdf/cb12ff-08_mothersday.pdf.
Vondra, J., Sysko, H. B., & Belsky, J. (2005). Developmental origins of parenting: Personality and relationship factors. In T. Luster & L. Okagaki (Eds.), Parenting: An ecological perspective (2nd ed., pp. 35–71). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
- Pathways Linking Victimization, Depression, Personal Mastery, and Perceptions of Parenting Competence Among Low-Income Women
Lynette M. Renner
Courtenay E. Cavanaugh
Scott D. Easton
- Springer US