Skip to main content
Top
Gepubliceerd in:

04-01-2020 | Original Paper

Not So Automatic Imitation: Expectation of Incongruence Reduces Interference in Both Autism Spectrum Disorder and Typical Development

Auteurs: Andrew Gordon, Raphael Geddert, Jeremy Hogeveen, Marie K. Krug, Sukhvinder Obhi, Marjorie Solomon

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 4/2020

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Research has observed evidence for both hypo-(supposedly due to a broken mirror neuron system) and hyper-(thought to be the result of deficits in adaptive control) imitation in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This work sought to adjudicate between these findings using an automatic imitation (AI) paradigm with the novel manipulation of the need to engage adaptive control of imitation. Results demonstrated that ASD participants do not display a specific deficit in AI capability, are able to engage in proactive control of AI, and that relative to a well-matched effector condition, AI is not selectively associated with ASD symptom severity. These data cast doubt upon the notion of impairments in imitation or its control in ASD.
Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Voetnoten
1
The length of presentation was determined by randomly selecting a time within this range (in 50 ms increments). During the first trial of each block this image was displayed for 2000-3000 ms to give participants extra time to prepare for the task.
 
2
Median RTs were used instead of mean RTs in order to provide an unbiased measure in the presence of skewed RT distributions (see Brenner and Smeets 2019; Rousselet and Wilcox 2019; Whelan 2008). In order to ascertain that this choice did not unduly affect the pattern of data observed we re-ran the analyses using mean RTs and observed results equivalent to those using median RTs.
 
3
In addition, and in order to provide data consistent with prior work (e.g., 47) we re-ran our analyses on inverse-efficiency scores (IES: calculated as the reaction time divided by the accuracy) that are also designed to address the speed-accuracy trade-off. The results of these analyses did not differ from those using drift rate and we therefore only report the drift rate analysis in this manuscript.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.CrossRef American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.CrossRef
go back to reference Bartak, L., & Rutter, M. (1976). Differences between mentally retarded and normally intelligent autistic children. Journal of Autism and Childhood Schizophrenia,6(2), 109–120.PubMedCrossRef Bartak, L., & Rutter, M. (1976). Differences between mentally retarded and normally intelligent autistic children. Journal of Autism and Childhood Schizophrenia,6(2), 109–120.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Berument, S. K., Rutter, M., Lord, C., Pickles, A., & Bailey, A. (1999). Autism screening questionnaire: Diagnostic validity. The British Journal of Psychiatry,175(5), 444–451.PubMedCrossRef Berument, S. K., Rutter, M., Lord, C., Pickles, A., & Bailey, A. (1999). Autism screening questionnaire: Diagnostic validity. The British Journal of Psychiatry,175(5), 444–451.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bird, G., Catmur, C., Silani, G., Frith, C., & Frith, U. (2006). Attention does not modulate neural responses to social stimuli in autism spectrum disorders. NeuroImage,31(4), 1614–1624.PubMedCrossRef Bird, G., Catmur, C., Silani, G., Frith, C., & Frith, U. (2006). Attention does not modulate neural responses to social stimuli in autism spectrum disorders. NeuroImage,31(4), 1614–1624.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bird, G., Leighton, J., Press, C., & Heyes, C. (2007). Intact automatic imitation of human and robot actions in autism spectrum disorders. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences,274(1628), 3027–3031.PubMedCrossRef Bird, G., Leighton, J., Press, C., & Heyes, C. (2007). Intact automatic imitation of human and robot actions in autism spectrum disorders. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences,274(1628), 3027–3031.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Brass, M., Bekkering, H., & Prinz, W. (2001). Movement observation affects movement execution in a simple response task. Acta Psychologica,106(1–2), 3–22.PubMedCrossRef Brass, M., Bekkering, H., & Prinz, W. (2001). Movement observation affects movement execution in a simple response task. Acta Psychologica,106(1–2), 3–22.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Brass, M., Bekkering, H., Wohlschläger, A., & Prinz, W. (2000). Compatibility between observed and executed finger movements: Comparing symbolic, spatial, and imitative cues. Brain and Cognition,44(2), 124–143.PubMedCrossRef Brass, M., Bekkering, H., Wohlschläger, A., & Prinz, W. (2000). Compatibility between observed and executed finger movements: Comparing symbolic, spatial, and imitative cues. Brain and Cognition,44(2), 124–143.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Braver, T. S., Gray, J. R., & Burgess, G. C. (2007). Explaining the many varieties of working memory variation: Dual mechanisms of cognitive control. Variation in Working Memory,75, 106. Braver, T. S., Gray, J. R., & Burgess, G. C. (2007). Explaining the many varieties of working memory variation: Dual mechanisms of cognitive control. Variation in Working Memory,75, 106.
go back to reference Braver, T. S., Paxton, J. L., Locke, H. S., & Barch, D. M. (2009). Flexible neural mechanisms of cognitive control within human prefrontal cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,106(18), 7351–7356.CrossRef Braver, T. S., Paxton, J. L., Locke, H. S., & Barch, D. M. (2009). Flexible neural mechanisms of cognitive control within human prefrontal cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,106(18), 7351–7356.CrossRef
go back to reference Brenner, E., & Smeets, J. B. (2019). How can you best measure reaction times? Journal of Motor Behavior,51(5), 486–495.PubMedCrossRef Brenner, E., & Smeets, J. B. (2019). How can you best measure reaction times? Journal of Motor Behavior,51(5), 486–495.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bugg, J. M., & Crump, M. J. (2012). In support of a distinction between voluntary and stimulus-driven control: A review of the literature on proportion congruent effects. Frontiers in Psychology,3, 367.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Bugg, J. M., & Crump, M. J. (2012). In support of a distinction between voluntary and stimulus-driven control: A review of the literature on proportion congruent effects. Frontiers in Psychology,3, 367.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Catmur, C., Walsh, V., & Heyes, C. (2007). Sensorimotor learning configures the human mirror system. Current Biology,17(17), 1527–1531.PubMedCrossRef Catmur, C., Walsh, V., & Heyes, C. (2007). Sensorimotor learning configures the human mirror system. Current Biology,17(17), 1527–1531.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Chartrand, T. L., & Lakin, J. L. (2013). The antecedents and consequences of human behavioral mimicry. Annual Review of Psychology,64, 285–308.PubMedCrossRef Chartrand, T. L., & Lakin, J. L. (2013). The antecedents and consequences of human behavioral mimicry. Annual Review of Psychology,64, 285–308.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Cho, Y. S., & Proctor, R. W. (2004). Influences of multiple spatial stimulus and response codes on orthogonal stimulus—response compatibility. Perception & Psychophysics,66(6), 1003–1017.CrossRef Cho, Y. S., & Proctor, R. W. (2004). Influences of multiple spatial stimulus and response codes on orthogonal stimulus—response compatibility. Perception & Psychophysics,66(6), 1003–1017.CrossRef
go back to reference Constantino, J. N., & Gruber, C. P. (2012). Social responsiveness scale–second edition (SRS-2). Torrance: Western Psychological Services. Constantino, J. N., & Gruber, C. P. (2012). Social responsiveness scale–second edition (SRS-2). Torrance: Western Psychological Services.
go back to reference Cook, J. L., & Bird, G. (2012). Atypical social modulation of imitation in autism spectrum conditions. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders,42(6), 1045–1051.PubMedCrossRef Cook, J. L., & Bird, G. (2012). Atypical social modulation of imitation in autism spectrum conditions. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders,42(6), 1045–1051.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Cracco, E., Bardi, L., Desmet, C., Genschow, O., Rigoni, D., De Coster, L., et al. (2018). Automatic imitation: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin,144(5), 453.PubMedCrossRef Cracco, E., Bardi, L., Desmet, C., Genschow, O., Rigoni, D., De Coster, L., et al. (2018). Automatic imitation: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin,144(5), 453.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Cracco, E., & Brass, M. (2019). Reaction time indices of automatic imitation measure imitative response tendencies. Consciousness and Cognition,68, 115–118.PubMedCrossRef Cracco, E., & Brass, M. (2019). Reaction time indices of automatic imitation measure imitative response tendencies. Consciousness and Cognition,68, 115–118.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Craighero, L., Bello, A., Fadiga, L., & Rizzolatti, G. (2002). Hand action preparation influences the responses to hand pictures. Neuropsychologia,40(5), 492–502.PubMedCrossRef Craighero, L., Bello, A., Fadiga, L., & Rizzolatti, G. (2002). Hand action preparation influences the responses to hand pictures. Neuropsychologia,40(5), 492–502.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Cross, K. A., & Iacoboni, M. (2013). Optimized neural coding? Control mechanisms in large cortical networks implemented by connectivity changes. Human Brain Mapping,34(1), 213–225.PubMedCrossRef Cross, K. A., & Iacoboni, M. (2013). Optimized neural coding? Control mechanisms in large cortical networks implemented by connectivity changes. Human Brain Mapping,34(1), 213–225.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Deschrijver, E., Wiersema, J. R., & Brass, M. (2017). The influence of action observation on action execution: Dissociating the contribution of action on perception, perception on action, and resolving conflict. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience,17(2), 381–393.CrossRef Deschrijver, E., Wiersema, J. R., & Brass, M. (2017). The influence of action observation on action execution: Dissociating the contribution of action on perception, perception on action, and resolving conflict. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience,17(2), 381–393.CrossRef
go back to reference Di Pellegrino, G., Fadiga, L., Fogassi, L., Gallese, V., & Rizzolatti, G. (1992). Understanding motor events: A neurophysiological study. Experimental Brain Research,91(1), 176–180.PubMedCrossRef Di Pellegrino, G., Fadiga, L., Fogassi, L., Gallese, V., & Rizzolatti, G. (1992). Understanding motor events: A neurophysiological study. Experimental Brain Research,91(1), 176–180.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Fishman, I., Keown, C. L., Lincoln, A. J., Pineda, J. A., & Müller, R. A. (2014). Atypical cross talk between mentalizing and mirror neuron networks in autism spectrum disorder. JAMA Psychiatry,71(7), 751–760.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Fishman, I., Keown, C. L., Lincoln, A. J., Pineda, J. A., & Müller, R. A. (2014). Atypical cross talk between mentalizing and mirror neuron networks in autism spectrum disorder. JAMA Psychiatry,71(7), 751–760.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Forbes, P. A., Wang, Y., & Hamilton, A. F. D. C. (2017). STORMy interactions: Gaze and the modulation of mimicry in adults on the autism spectrum. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review,24(2), 529–535.CrossRef Forbes, P. A., Wang, Y., & Hamilton, A. F. D. C. (2017). STORMy interactions: Gaze and the modulation of mimicry in adults on the autism spectrum. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review,24(2), 529–535.CrossRef
go back to reference Gantman, A., Kapp, S. K., Orenski, K., & Laugeson, E. A. (2012). Social skills training for young adults with high-functioning autism spectrum disorders: A randomized controlled pilot study. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders,42(6), 1094–1103.PubMedCrossRef Gantman, A., Kapp, S. K., Orenski, K., & Laugeson, E. A. (2012). Social skills training for young adults with high-functioning autism spectrum disorders: A randomized controlled pilot study. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders,42(6), 1094–1103.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Gowen, E., Stanley, J., & Miall, R. C. (2008). Movement interference in autism-spectrum disorder. Neuropsychologia,46(4), 1060–1068.PubMedCrossRef Gowen, E., Stanley, J., & Miall, R. C. (2008). Movement interference in autism-spectrum disorder. Neuropsychologia,46(4), 1060–1068.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Grecucci, A., Brambilla, P., Siugzdaite, R., Londero, D., Fabbro, F., & Rumiati, R. I. (2013). Emotional resonance deficits in autistic children. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders,43(3), 616–628.PubMedCrossRef Grecucci, A., Brambilla, P., Siugzdaite, R., Londero, D., Fabbro, F., & Rumiati, R. I. (2013). Emotional resonance deficits in autistic children. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders,43(3), 616–628.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hamilton, A. F. D. C. (2013). Reflecting on the mirror neuron system in autism: A systematic review of current theories. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience,3, 91–105.PubMedCrossRef Hamilton, A. F. D. C. (2013). Reflecting on the mirror neuron system in autism: A systematic review of current theories. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience,3, 91–105.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hamilton, A. F. D. C., Brindley, R. M., & Frith, U. (2007). Imitation and action understanding in autistic spectrum disorders: How valid is the hypothesis of a deficit in the mirror neuron system? Neuropsychologia,45(8), 1859–1868.PubMedCrossRef Hamilton, A. F. D. C., Brindley, R. M., & Frith, U. (2007). Imitation and action understanding in autistic spectrum disorders: How valid is the hypothesis of a deficit in the mirror neuron system? Neuropsychologia,45(8), 1859–1868.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Held, L., & Ott, M. (2018). On p-values and Bayes factors. Annual Review of Statistics and Its Application,5, 393–419.CrossRef Held, L., & Ott, M. (2018). On p-values and Bayes factors. Annual Review of Statistics and Its Application,5, 393–419.CrossRef
go back to reference Heyes, C., Bird, G., Johnson, H., & Haggard, P. (2005). Experience modulates automatic imitation. Cognitive Brain Research,22(2), 233–240.PubMedCrossRef Heyes, C., Bird, G., Johnson, H., & Haggard, P. (2005). Experience modulates automatic imitation. Cognitive Brain Research,22(2), 233–240.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hogeveen, J., & Obhi, S. S. (2013). Automatic imitation is automatic, but less so for narcissists. Experimental Brain Research,224(4), 613–621.PubMedCrossRef Hogeveen, J., & Obhi, S. S. (2013). Automatic imitation is automatic, but less so for narcissists. Experimental Brain Research,224(4), 613–621.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Hogeveen, J., Obhi, S. S., Banissy, M. J., Santiesteban, I., Press, C., Catmur, C., & Bird, G. (2014). Task-dependent and distinct roles of the temporoparietal junction and inferior frontal cortex in the control of imitation. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 10(7), 1003–1009.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Hogeveen, J., Obhi, S. S., Banissy, M. J., Santiesteban, I., Press, C., Catmur, C., & Bird, G. (2014). Task-dependent and distinct roles of the temporoparietal junction and inferior frontal cortex in the control of imitation. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 10(7), 1003–1009.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Holm, S. (1979). A simple sequentially rejective multiple test procedure. Scandinavian Journal of Statistics, 6(2), 65–70. Holm, S. (1979). A simple sequentially rejective multiple test procedure. Scandinavian Journal of Statistics, 6(2), 65–70.
go back to reference Hurley, A. D., & Levitas, A. S. (2007). The importance of recognizing autism spectrum disorders in intellectual disability. Mental Health Aspects of Developmental Disabilities,10(4), 157. Hurley, A. D., & Levitas, A. S. (2007). The importance of recognizing autism spectrum disorders in intellectual disability. Mental Health Aspects of Developmental Disabilities,10(4), 157.
go back to reference Iacoboni, M. (2017). Neurobiology of imitation in autism. In M. F. Casanova, A. El-Baz, & J. S. Suri (Eds.), Autism imaging and devices (pp. 75–94). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. Iacoboni, M. (2017). Neurobiology of imitation in autism. In M. F. Casanova, A. El-Baz, & J. S. Suri (Eds.), Autism imaging and devices (pp. 75–94). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
go back to reference Iacoboni, M., Woods, R. P., Brass, M., Bekkering, H., Mazziotta, J. C., & Rizzolatti, G. (1999). Cortical mechanisms of human imitation. Science,286(5449), 2526–2528.PubMedCrossRef Iacoboni, M., Woods, R. P., Brass, M., Bekkering, H., Mazziotta, J. C., & Rizzolatti, G. (1999). Cortical mechanisms of human imitation. Science,286(5449), 2526–2528.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ingersoll, B. (2008). The social role of imitation in autism: Implications for the treatment of imitation deficits. Infants & Young Children,21(2), 107–119.CrossRef Ingersoll, B. (2008). The social role of imitation in autism: Implications for the treatment of imitation deficits. Infants & Young Children,21(2), 107–119.CrossRef
go back to reference Kane, M. J., & Engle, R. W. (2003). Working-memory capacity and the control of attention: The contributions of goal neglect, response competition, and task set to Stroop interference. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General,132(1), 47.CrossRef Kane, M. J., & Engle, R. W. (2003). Working-memory capacity and the control of attention: The contributions of goal neglect, response competition, and task set to Stroop interference. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General,132(1), 47.CrossRef
go back to reference Kass, R. E., & Raftery, A. E. (1995). Bayes factors. Journal of the American Statistical Association,90(430), 773–795.CrossRef Kass, R. E., & Raftery, A. E. (1995). Bayes factors. Journal of the American Statistical Association,90(430), 773–795.CrossRef
go back to reference Kornblum, S., Hasbroucq, T., & Osman, A. (1990). Dimensional overlap: Cognitive basis for stimulus-response compatibility—A model and taxonomy. Psychological Review,97(2), 253.PubMedCrossRef Kornblum, S., Hasbroucq, T., & Osman, A. (1990). Dimensional overlap: Cognitive basis for stimulus-response compatibility—A model and taxonomy. Psychological Review,97(2), 253.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Krause, F., & Lindemann, O. (2014). Expyriment: A Python library for cognitive and neuroscientific experiments. Behavior Research Methods,46(2), 416–428.PubMedCrossRef Krause, F., & Lindemann, O. (2014). Expyriment: A Python library for cognitive and neuroscientific experiments. Behavior Research Methods,46(2), 416–428.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lakens, D., McLatchie, N., Isager, P. M., Scheel, A. M., & Dienes, Z. (2018). Improving inferences about null effects with Bayes factors and equivalence tests. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B,75, 45–57.CrossRef Lakens, D., McLatchie, N., Isager, P. M., Scheel, A. M., & Dienes, Z. (2018). Improving inferences about null effects with Bayes factors and equivalence tests. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B,75, 45–57.CrossRef
go back to reference Lakin, J. L., & Chartrand, T. L. (2003). Using nonconscious behavioral mimicry to create affiliation and rapport. Psychological Science,14(4), 334–339.PubMedCrossRef Lakin, J. L., & Chartrand, T. L. (2003). Using nonconscious behavioral mimicry to create affiliation and rapport. Psychological Science,14(4), 334–339.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Leighton, J., & Heyes, C. (2010). Hand to mouth: Automatic imitation across effector systems. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance,36(5), 1174.PubMed Leighton, J., & Heyes, C. (2010). Hand to mouth: Automatic imitation across effector systems. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance,36(5), 1174.PubMed
go back to reference Lindsay, D. S., & Jacoby, L. L. (1994). Stroop process dissociations: The relationship between facilitation and interference. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance,20(2), 219.PubMed Lindsay, D. S., & Jacoby, L. L. (1994). Stroop process dissociations: The relationship between facilitation and interference. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance,20(2), 219.PubMed
go back to reference Liss, M., Saulnier, C., Fein, D., & Kinsbourne, M. (2006). Sensory and attention abnormalities in autistic spectrum disorders. Autism,10(2), 155–172.PubMedCrossRef Liss, M., Saulnier, C., Fein, D., & Kinsbourne, M. (2006). Sensory and attention abnormalities in autistic spectrum disorders. Autism,10(2), 155–172.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lord, C., Risi, S., Lambrecht, L., Cook, E. H., Leventhal, B. L., DiLavore, P. C., et al. (2000). The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule—Generic: A standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with the spectrum of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders,30(3), 205–223.PubMedCrossRef Lord, C., Risi, S., Lambrecht, L., Cook, E. H., Leventhal, B. L., DiLavore, P. C., et al. (2000). The Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule—Generic: A standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with the spectrum of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders,30(3), 205–223.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lowe, D. G., & Mitterer, J. O. (1982). Selective and divided attention in a Stroop task. Canadian Journal of Psychology,36(4), 684.PubMedCrossRef Lowe, D. G., & Mitterer, J. O. (1982). Selective and divided attention in a Stroop task. Canadian Journal of Psychology,36(4), 684.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Mele, S., Mattiassi, A. D., & Urgesi, C. (2014). Unconscious processing of body actions primes subsequent action perception but not motor execution. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance,40(5), 1940.PubMed Mele, S., Mattiassi, A. D., & Urgesi, C. (2014). Unconscious processing of body actions primes subsequent action perception but not motor execution. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance,40(5), 1940.PubMed
go back to reference Merhoum, N., Mengarelli, F., Mottolese, R., Andari, E., & Sirigu, A. (2015). Social functioning in autism. In Autism spectrum disorders (Vol. 180, pp. 46–53). Karger Publishers, Basel. Merhoum, N., Mengarelli, F., Mottolese, R., Andari, E., & Sirigu, A. (2015). Social functioning in autism. In Autism spectrum disorders (Vol. 180, pp. 46–53). Karger Publishers, Basel.
go back to reference Moors, A., & De Houwer, J. (2006). Automaticity: A theoretical and conceptual analysis. Psychological Bulletin,132(2), 297.PubMedCrossRef Moors, A., & De Houwer, J. (2006). Automaticity: A theoretical and conceptual analysis. Psychological Bulletin,132(2), 297.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Oberman, L. M., & Ramachandran, V. S. (2007). The simulating social mind: The role of the mirror neuron system and simulation in the social and communicative deficits of autism spectrum disorders. Psychological Bulletin,133(2), 310.PubMedCrossRef Oberman, L. M., & Ramachandran, V. S. (2007). The simulating social mind: The role of the mirror neuron system and simulation in the social and communicative deficits of autism spectrum disorders. Psychological Bulletin,133(2), 310.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Obhi, S. S., Hogeveen, J., Giacomin, M., & Jordan, C. H. (2014). Automatic imitation is reduced in narcissists. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance,40(3), 920.PubMed Obhi, S. S., Hogeveen, J., Giacomin, M., & Jordan, C. H. (2014). Automatic imitation is reduced in narcissists. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance,40(3), 920.PubMed
go back to reference Press, C., Richardson, D., & Bird, G. (2010). Intact imitation of emotional facial actions in autism spectrum conditions. Neuropsychologia,48(11), 3291–3297.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Press, C., Richardson, D., & Bird, G. (2010). Intact imitation of emotional facial actions in autism spectrum conditions. Neuropsychologia,48(11), 3291–3297.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Rogers, S. J., & Pennington, B. F. (1991). A theoretical approach to the deficits in infantile autism. Development and Psychopathology,3(2), 137–162.CrossRef Rogers, S. J., & Pennington, B. F. (1991). A theoretical approach to the deficits in infantile autism. Development and Psychopathology,3(2), 137–162.CrossRef
go back to reference Rutter, M., Bailey, A., & Lord, C. (2003). The social communication questionnaire: Manual. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services. Rutter, M., Bailey, A., & Lord, C. (2003). The social communication questionnaire: Manual. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
go back to reference Sasson, N. J., Turner-Brown, L. M., Holtzclaw, T. N., Lam, K. S., & Bodfish, J. W. (2008). Children with autism demonstrate circumscribed attention during passive viewing of complex social and nonsocial picture arrays. Autism Research,1(1), 31–42.PubMedCrossRef Sasson, N. J., Turner-Brown, L. M., Holtzclaw, T. N., Lam, K. S., & Bodfish, J. W. (2008). Children with autism demonstrate circumscribed attention during passive viewing of complex social and nonsocial picture arrays. Autism Research,1(1), 31–42.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Schouten, J. F., & Bekker, J. A. M. (1967). Reaction time and accuracy. Acta Psychologica,27, 143–153.PubMedCrossRef Schouten, J. F., & Bekker, J. A. M. (1967). Reaction time and accuracy. Acta Psychologica,27, 143–153.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Schulte-Rüther, M., Otte, E., Adigüzel, K., Firk, C., Herpertz-Dahlmann, B., Koch, I., et al. (2017). Intact mirror mechanisms for automatic facial emotions in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. Autism Research,10(2), 298–310.PubMedCrossRef Schulte-Rüther, M., Otte, E., Adigüzel, K., Firk, C., Herpertz-Dahlmann, B., Koch, I., et al. (2017). Intact mirror mechanisms for automatic facial emotions in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder. Autism Research,10(2), 298–310.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Schunke, O., Schöttle, D., Vettorazzi, E., Brandt, V., Kahl, U., Bäumer, T., et al. (2016). Mirror me: Imitative responses in adults with autism. Autism,20(2), 134–144.PubMedCrossRef Schunke, O., Schöttle, D., Vettorazzi, E., Brandt, V., Kahl, U., Bäumer, T., et al. (2016). Mirror me: Imitative responses in adults with autism. Autism,20(2), 134–144.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Smeekens, I., Didden, R., & Verhoeven, E. W. M. (2015). Exploring the relationship of autonomic and endocrine activity with social functioning in adults with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders,45(2), 495–505.PubMedCrossRef Smeekens, I., Didden, R., & Verhoeven, E. W. M. (2015). Exploring the relationship of autonomic and endocrine activity with social functioning in adults with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders,45(2), 495–505.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Southgate, V., & Hamilton, A. F. D. C. (2008). Unbroken mirrors: Challenging a theory of autism. Trends in Cognitive Sciences,12(6), 225–229.PubMedCrossRef Southgate, V., & Hamilton, A. F. D. C. (2008). Unbroken mirrors: Challenging a theory of autism. Trends in Cognitive Sciences,12(6), 225–229.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Sowden, S., Koehne, S., Catmur, C., Dziobek, I., & Bird, G. (2016). Intact automatic imitation and typical spatial compatibility in autism spectrum disorder: Challenging the broken mirror theory. Autism Research,9(2), 292–300.PubMedCrossRef Sowden, S., Koehne, S., Catmur, C., Dziobek, I., & Bird, G. (2016). Intact automatic imitation and typical spatial compatibility in autism spectrum disorder: Challenging the broken mirror theory. Autism Research,9(2), 292–300.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Spengler, S., Bird, G., & Brass, M. (2010). Hyperimitation of actions is related to reduced understanding of others’ minds in autism spectrum conditions. Biological Psychiatry,68(12), 1148–1155.PubMedCrossRef Spengler, S., Bird, G., & Brass, M. (2010). Hyperimitation of actions is related to reduced understanding of others’ minds in autism spectrum conditions. Biological Psychiatry,68(12), 1148–1155.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Tzelgov, J., Henik, A., & Berger, J. (1992). Controlling Stroop effects by manipulating expectations for color words. Memory & Cognition,20(6), 727–735.CrossRef Tzelgov, J., Henik, A., & Berger, J. (1992). Controlling Stroop effects by manipulating expectations for color words. Memory & Cognition,20(6), 727–735.CrossRef
go back to reference Vogt, S., Taylor, P., & Hopkins, B. (2003). Visuomotor priming by pictures of hand postures: Perspective matters. Neuropsychologia,41(8), 941–951.PubMedCrossRef Vogt, S., Taylor, P., & Hopkins, B. (2003). Visuomotor priming by pictures of hand postures: Perspective matters. Neuropsychologia,41(8), 941–951.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Wagenmakers, E. J., Van Der Maas, H. L., & Grasman, R. P. (2007). An EZ-diffusion model for response time and accuracy. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review,14(1), 3–22.CrossRef Wagenmakers, E. J., Van Der Maas, H. L., & Grasman, R. P. (2007). An EZ-diffusion model for response time and accuracy. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review,14(1), 3–22.CrossRef
go back to reference Wechsler, D. (2011). WASI-II: Wechsler abbreviated scale of intelligence. PsychCorp. Wechsler, D. (2011). WASI-II: Wechsler abbreviated scale of intelligence. PsychCorp.
go back to reference West, R., & Baylis, G. C. (1998). Effects of increased response dominance and contextual disintegration on the Stroop interference effect in older adults. Psychology and Aging,13(2), 206.PubMedCrossRef West, R., & Baylis, G. C. (1998). Effects of increased response dominance and contextual disintegration on the Stroop interference effect in older adults. Psychology and Aging,13(2), 206.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Whelan, R. (2008). Effective analysis of reaction time data. The Psychological Record,58(3), 475–482.CrossRef Whelan, R. (2008). Effective analysis of reaction time data. The Psychological Record,58(3), 475–482.CrossRef
go back to reference Wickelgren, W. A. (1977). Speed-accuracy tradeoff and information processing dynamics. Acta Psychologica,41(1), 67–85.CrossRef Wickelgren, W. A. (1977). Speed-accuracy tradeoff and information processing dynamics. Acta Psychologica,41(1), 67–85.CrossRef
go back to reference Wilkins, J., & Matson, J. L. (2009). A comparison of social skills profiles in intellectually disabled adults with and without ASD. Behavior Modification,33(2), 143–155.PubMedCrossRef Wilkins, J., & Matson, J. L. (2009). A comparison of social skills profiles in intellectually disabled adults with and without ASD. Behavior Modification,33(2), 143–155.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Williams, J. H., Whiten, A., & Singh, T. (2004). A systematic review of action imitation in autistic spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders,34(3), 285–299.PubMedCrossRef Williams, J. H., Whiten, A., & Singh, T. (2004). A systematic review of action imitation in autistic spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders,34(3), 285–299.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Williams, J. H., Whiten, A., Suddendorf, T., & Perrett, D. I. (2001). Imitation, mirror neurons and autism. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews,25(4), 287–295.PubMedCrossRef Williams, J. H., Whiten, A., Suddendorf, T., & Perrett, D. I. (2001). Imitation, mirror neurons and autism. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews,25(4), 287–295.PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Zachor, D. A., Ilanit, T., & Itzchak, E. B. (2010). Autism severity and motor abilities correlates of imitation situations in children with autism spectrum disorders. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders,4(3), 438–443.CrossRef Zachor, D. A., Ilanit, T., & Itzchak, E. B. (2010). Autism severity and motor abilities correlates of imitation situations in children with autism spectrum disorders. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders,4(3), 438–443.CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Not So Automatic Imitation: Expectation of Incongruence Reduces Interference in Both Autism Spectrum Disorder and Typical Development
Auteurs
Andrew Gordon
Raphael Geddert
Jeremy Hogeveen
Marie K. Krug
Sukhvinder Obhi
Marjorie Solomon
Publicatiedatum
04-01-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 4/2020
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-019-04355-9

Andere artikelen Uitgave 4/2020

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 4/2020 Naar de uitgave