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06-01-2020 | Original Paper | Uitgave 4/2020

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 4/2020

Do Parental Interviews for ASD Converge with Clinical Diagnoses? An Empirical Comparison of the 3di and the DISCO in Children with ASD, a Clinically-Referred Group, and Typically Developing Children

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 4/2020
Kris Evers, Edward Debbaut, Jarymke Maljaars, Jean Steyaert, Ilse Noens
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The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10803-019-04344-y) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Two semi-structured parental interviews are available with algorithms developed to measure DSM-5 criteria of ASD, namely the Developmental, Dimensional and Diagnostic Interview (3di) and the Diagnostic Interview for Social and Communication Disorders (DISCO-11). The main aim of this study was to examine the agreement between classification according to both interviews, and their convergence with the clinical diagnosis. Therefore, the 3di and DISCO-11 were administered from three groups of parents of a 4–18 year old. Results showed 75% agreement between both instruments, but in the ASD group only 16% of the children scored above threshold on both instruments. Exploratory analyses suggested that the 3di failed to detect rigid and repetitive behaviors, whereas the DISCO-11 was insufficiently sensitive in detecting socio-communicative problems.

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