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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 3/2007

01-03-2007 | Original Paper

Neuropsychological Functioning of Siblings of Children with Autism, Siblings of Children with Developmental language Delay, and Siblings of Children with Mental Retardation of Unknown Genetic Etiology

Auteurs: Tammy Pilowsky, Nurit Yirmiya, Varda Gross-Tsur, Ruth S. Shalev

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 3/2007

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Abstract

Neuropsychological functioning of 30 siblings of children with autism (AU-S), 28 siblings of children with mental retardation of (MR-S), and 30 siblings of children with developmental language delay (DLD-S) was compared. Two siblings, both AU-S, received diagnoses of pervasive developmental disorder (PDD). More siblings with cognitive disabilities were found in DLD-S than in AU-S. However, these differences disappeared after excluding diagnosed siblings or after accounting for family membership. In sum, despite the elevated incidence of PDD among AU-S, the neuropsychological functioning of the remaining siblings did not convey specific characteristics related to the genetic risk associated with autism, in contrast to the cognitive functioning of the DLD-S, which did reflect a genetic risk.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Neuropsychological Functioning of Siblings of Children with Autism, Siblings of Children with Developmental language Delay, and Siblings of Children with Mental Retardation of Unknown Genetic Etiology
Auteurs
Tammy Pilowsky
Nurit Yirmiya
Varda Gross-Tsur
Ruth S. Shalev
Publicatiedatum
01-03-2007
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 3/2007
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0185-z