Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research 6/2021

20-07-2020 | Original Article

Manipulation of low-level features modulates grouping strength of auditory objects

Auteurs: Gennadiy Gurariy, Richard Randall, Adam S. Greenberg

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 6/2021

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

A central challenge of auditory processing involves the segregation, analysis, and integration of acoustic information into auditory perceptual objects for processing by higher order cognitive operations. This study explores the influence of low-level features on auditory object perception. Participants provided perceived musicality ratings in response to randomly generated pure tone sequences. Previous work has shown that music perception relies on the integration of discrete sounds into a holistic structure. Hence, high (versus low) ratings were viewed as indicative of strong (versus weak) object formation. Additionally, participants rated sequences in which random subsets of tones were manipulated along one of three low-level dimensions (timbre, amplitude, or fade-in) at one of three strengths (low, medium, or high). Our primary findings demonstrate how low-level acoustic features modulate the perception of auditory objects, as measured by changes in musicality ratings for manipulated sequences. Secondarily, we used principal component analysis to categorize participants into subgroups based on differential sensitivities to low-level auditory dimensions, thereby highlighting the importance of individual differences in auditory perception. Finally, we report asymmetries regarding the effects of low-level dimensions; specifically, the perceptual significance of timbre. Together, these data contribute to our understanding of how low-level auditory features modulate auditory object perception.

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijf je als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen jouw vak. Met het online abonnement heb je toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kun je op je gemak en wanneer het jou het beste uitkomt verdiepen in jouw vakgebied.

Bijlagen
Alleen toegankelijk voor geautoriseerde gebruikers
Literatuur
go back to reference Bey, C., & McAdams, S. (2003). Postrecognition of interleaved melodies as an indirect measure of auditory stream formation. J Exp Psychol Human, 29, 267–279. CrossRef Bey, C., & McAdams, S. (2003). Postrecognition of interleaved melodies as an indirect measure of auditory stream formation. J Exp Psychol Human, 29, 267–279. CrossRef
go back to reference Bregman, A. S. (1990). Auditory scene analysis: the perceptual organization of sound. Cambridge: Bradford Books, MIT Press. CrossRef Bregman, A. S. (1990). Auditory scene analysis: the perceptual organization of sound. Cambridge: Bradford Books, MIT Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Bregman, A. S., Ahad, P. A., Crum, P. A., & OReilly, J. (2000). Effects of time intervals and tone durations on auditory stream segregation. Perception & Psychophysics, 62, 626–636. CrossRef Bregman, A. S., Ahad, P. A., Crum, P. A., & OReilly, J. (2000). Effects of time intervals and tone durations on auditory stream segregation. Perception & Psychophysics, 62, 626–636. CrossRef
go back to reference Carlyon, R. P., Cusack, R., Foxton, J. M., & Robertson, I. H. (2001). Effects of attention and unilateral neglect on auditory stream segregation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 27(1), 115–127. PubMedPubMedCentral Carlyon, R. P., Cusack, R., Foxton, J. M., & Robertson, I. H. (2001). Effects of attention and unilateral neglect on auditory stream segregation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 27(1), 115–127. PubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Carrión, R., & Bly, B. (2008). The effects of learning on event-related potential correlates of musical expectancy. Psychophysiology, 45(5), 759–775. PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentral Carrión, R., & Bly, B. (2008). The effects of learning on event-related potential correlates of musical expectancy. Psychophysiology, 45(5), 759–775. PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentral
go back to reference Cross, I. (2013). Music and biocultural evolution. In M. Clayton, T. Herbert, & R. Middleton (Eds.), The cultural study of music (pp. 39–49). Abingdon: Routledge. Cross, I. (2013). Music and biocultural evolution. In M. Clayton, T. Herbert, & R. Middleton (Eds.), The cultural study of music (pp. 39–49). Abingdon: Routledge.
go back to reference Cross, I., Howell, P., & West, R. (1983). Preferences for scale structure in melodic sequences. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 9(3), 444–460. PubMedPubMedCentral Cross, I., Howell, P., & West, R. (1983). Preferences for scale structure in melodic sequences. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 9(3), 444–460. PubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Cusack, R., Deeks, J., Aikman, G., & Carlyon, R. P. (2004). Effects of location, frequency region, and time course of selective attention on auditory scene analysis. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 30(4), 643–656. PubMedPubMedCentral Cusack, R., Deeks, J., Aikman, G., & Carlyon, R. P. (2004). Effects of location, frequency region, and time course of selective attention on auditory scene analysis. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 30(4), 643–656. PubMedPubMedCentral
go back to reference Cusack, R., & Roberts, B. (2000). Effects of differences in timbre on sequential grouping. Perceptron Psychophysics, 62, 1112–1120. CrossRef Cusack, R., & Roberts, B. (2000). Effects of differences in timbre on sequential grouping. Perceptron Psychophysics, 62, 1112–1120. CrossRef
go back to reference Dannenbring, G. L., & Bregman, A. S. (1976). Effect of silence between tones on auditory stream segregation. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 59, 987–989. PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentral Dannenbring, G. L., & Bregman, A. S. (1976). Effect of silence between tones on auditory stream segregation. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 59, 987–989. PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentral
go back to reference Darwin, C. J. (1997). Auditory grouping. Trends Cognition of Sciences, 1, 327–333. CrossRef Darwin, C. J. (1997). Auditory grouping. Trends Cognition of Sciences, 1, 327–333. CrossRef
go back to reference Darwin, C., & Hukin, R. (2000). Effectiveness of spatial cues, prosody, and talker characteristics in selective attention. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 107, 970–977. PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentral Darwin, C., & Hukin, R. (2000). Effectiveness of spatial cues, prosody, and talker characteristics in selective attention. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 107, 970–977. PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentral
go back to reference Deutsch, D. (2013). The Psychology of Music (3rd ed.). San Diego: Academic Press. Deutsch, D. (2013). The Psychology of Music (3rd ed.). San Diego: Academic Press.
go back to reference Duifhuis, H., Willems, L. F., & Sluyter, R. (1982). Measurement of pitch in speech: An implementation of goldsteins theory of pitch perception. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 71, 1568–1580. PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentral Duifhuis, H., Willems, L. F., & Sluyter, R. (1982). Measurement of pitch in speech: An implementation of goldsteins theory of pitch perception. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 71, 1568–1580. PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentral
go back to reference Ellis, R. J., Norton, A. C., Overy, K., Winner, E., Alsop, D. C., & Schlaug, G. (2012). Differentiating maturational and training influences on fMRI activation during music processing. NeuroImage, 60, 1902–1912. PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentral Ellis, R. J., Norton, A. C., Overy, K., Winner, E., Alsop, D. C., & Schlaug, G. (2012). Differentiating maturational and training influences on fMRI activation during music processing. NeuroImage, 60, 1902–1912. PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentral
go back to reference Greenberg, A.S. (2009). Uncertainty as a Guiding Principle in the Strategic Allocation of Attention to Objects, Ph.D. Thesis, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD. [ProQuest Publication No. AAT 3410160] Greenberg, A.S. (2009). Uncertainty as a Guiding Principle in the Strategic Allocation of Attention to Objects, Ph.D. Thesis, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD. [ProQuest Publication No. AAT 3410160]
go back to reference Griffiths, T. D., & Warren, J. D. (2004). What is an auditory object? Nature Revies Neuroscience, 5, 887–892. CrossRef Griffiths, T. D., & Warren, J. D. (2004). What is an auditory object? Nature Revies Neuroscience, 5, 887–892. CrossRef
go back to reference Grimault, N., Bacon, S. P., & Micheyl, C. (2002). Auditory stream segregation on the basis of amplitude-modulation rate. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 111, 1340–1348. PubMedCrossRef Grimault, N., Bacon, S. P., & Micheyl, C. (2002). Auditory stream segregation on the basis of amplitude-modulation rate. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 111, 1340–1348. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Huron, D. B. (2006). Sweet anticipation: Music and the psychology of expectation. Cambridge: MIT press. CrossRef Huron, D. B. (2006). Sweet anticipation: Music and the psychology of expectation. Cambridge: MIT press. CrossRef
go back to reference Hyde, K. L., Lerch, J., Norton, A., Forgeard, M., Winner, E., Evans, A. C., & Schlaug, G. (2009). Musical training shapes structural brain development. Journal of Neuroscience, 29, 3019–3025. PubMedCrossRef Hyde, K. L., Lerch, J., Norton, A., Forgeard, M., Winner, E., Evans, A. C., & Schlaug, G. (2009). Musical training shapes structural brain development. Journal of Neuroscience, 29, 3019–3025. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Koelsch, S., & Jentschke, S. (2008). Short-term effects of processing musical syntax: An ERP study. Brain Research, 1212, 55–62. PubMedCrossRef Koelsch, S., & Jentschke, S. (2008). Short-term effects of processing musical syntax: An ERP study. Brain Research, 1212, 55–62. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Krueger, Joel. (2011). Doing things with music. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, 10(1), 1–22. CrossRef Krueger, Joel. (2011). Doing things with music. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, 10(1), 1–22. CrossRef
go back to reference Kulkarni, M., Potkonjak, K., Randall, R., & Greenberg A.S. (2020). Music expertise alters the perception of auditory objects. PsyArXiv. Web Kulkarni, M., Potkonjak, K., Randall, R., & Greenberg A.S. (2020). Music expertise alters the perception of auditory objects. PsyArXiv. Web
go back to reference Lahav, A., Saltzman, E., & Schlaug, G. (2007). Action representation of sound: Audiomotor recognition network while listening to newly acquired actions. Journal of Neuroscience, 27, 308–314. PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentral Lahav, A., Saltzman, E., & Schlaug, G. (2007). Action representation of sound: Audiomotor recognition network while listening to newly acquired actions. Journal of Neuroscience, 27, 308–314. PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentral
go back to reference Likert, R. (1932). A technique for the measurement of attitudes. Archives of Psychology., 140, 1–55. Likert, R. (1932). A technique for the measurement of attitudes. Archives of Psychology., 140, 1–55.
go back to reference Micheyl, C., & Oxenham, A. J. (2010). Objective and subjective psychophysical measures of auditory stream integration and segregation. Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology, 11(4), 709–724. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Micheyl, C., & Oxenham, A. J. (2010). Objective and subjective psychophysical measures of auditory stream integration and segregation. Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology, 11(4), 709–724. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Moore, B. C. J., & Gockel, H. (2002). Factors influencing sequential stream segregation. Acta Acustica United with Acustica, 88, 320–333. Moore, B. C. J., & Gockel, H. (2002). Factors influencing sequential stream segregation. Acta Acustica United with Acustica, 88, 320–333.
go back to reference Mutschler, I., Schultze-Bonhage, A., Glauche, V., Demandt, E., Speck, O., & Ball, T. (2007). A rapid sound–action association effect in human insular cortex. PLoS One, 2, e259. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Mutschler, I., Schultze-Bonhage, A., Glauche, V., Demandt, E., Speck, O., & Ball, T. (2007). A rapid sound–action association effect in human insular cortex. PLoS One, 2, e259. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
go back to reference Nicora, G., Greenberg, A.S. (2018). Object Closure Modulates the Strength of Object- Based Attentional Filtering. PsyArXiv. Web Nicora, G., Greenberg, A.S. (2018). Object Closure Modulates the Strength of Object- Based Attentional Filtering. PsyArXiv. Web
go back to reference Palmer, S. E. (1999). Vision science: Photons to phenomenology. Cambridge: MIT Press. Palmer, S. E. (1999). Vision science: Photons to phenomenology. Cambridge: MIT Press.
go back to reference Palmer, E. M., Kellman, P. J., & Shipley, T. F. (2006). A theory of dynamic occluded and illusory object perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 135, 515–541. Palmer, E. M., Kellman, P. J., & Shipley, T. F. (2006). A theory of dynamic occluded and illusory object perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 135, 515–541.
go back to reference Patel, A. D. (2010). Music, language, and the brain. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Patel, A. D. (2010). Music, language, and the brain. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Peterson, M. A., & Kimchi, R. (2013). Perceptual Organization. In D. Reisberg (Ed.), Handbook of cognitive psychology (pp. 9–31). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Peterson, M. A., & Kimchi, R. (2013). Perceptual Organization. In D. Reisberg (Ed.), Handbook of cognitive psychology (pp. 9–31). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
go back to reference Randall, R., Greenberg, A. S. (2016). Principal Component Analysis of Musicality in Pitch Sequences. In: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Music Perception and Cognition, San Francisco, CA, pp 112–118. Randall, R., Greenberg, A. S. (2016). Principal Component Analysis of Musicality in Pitch Sequences. In: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Music Perception and Cognition, San Francisco, CA, pp 112–118.
go back to reference Rasch, R. A. (1978). The perception of simultaneous notes such as in polyphonic music. Acta Acustica United with Acustica, 40, 21–33. Rasch, R. A. (1978). The perception of simultaneous notes such as in polyphonic music. Acta Acustica United with Acustica, 40, 21–33.
go back to reference Al-Janabi, S., Strommer-Davidovich, N., Gabay, S., & Greenberg, A. G. (2020). Object- based attentional selection emerges late in the visual cortical hierarchy for objects of varying perceptual strength. Web: BioArXiv. CrossRef Al-Janabi, S., Strommer-Davidovich, N., Gabay, S., & Greenberg, A. G. (2020). Object- based attentional selection emerges late in the visual cortical hierarchy for objects of varying perceptual strength. Web: BioArXiv. CrossRef
go back to reference Schmuckler, M. A. (1989). Expectation in music: Investigation of melodic and harmonic processes. Music Perception, 7, 109–150. CrossRef Schmuckler, M. A. (1989). Expectation in music: Investigation of melodic and harmonic processes. Music Perception, 7, 109–150. CrossRef
go back to reference Shamma, S. A., Elhilali, M., & Micheyl, C. (2011). Temporal coherence and attention in auditory scene analysis. Trends in Neurosciences, 34, 114–123. PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentral Shamma, S. A., Elhilali, M., & Micheyl, C. (2011). Temporal coherence and attention in auditory scene analysis. Trends in Neurosciences, 34, 114–123. PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentral
go back to reference Snyder, J. S., Carter, O. L., Lee, S.-K., Hannon, E. E., & Alain, C. (2008). Effects of context on auditory stream segregation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 34(4), 1007–1016. PubMed Snyder, J. S., Carter, O. L., Lee, S.-K., Hannon, E. E., & Alain, C. (2008). Effects of context on auditory stream segregation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 34(4), 1007–1016. PubMed
go back to reference Torgerson, W. S. (1958). Theory and methods of scaling. New York: Wiley. Torgerson, W. S. (1958). Theory and methods of scaling. New York: Wiley.
go back to reference van Noorden, L.P.A.S. (1975). Temporal coherence in the perception of tone sequences. Institute for Perceptual Research. van Noorden, L.P.A.S. (1975). Temporal coherence in the perception of tone sequences. Institute for Perceptual Research.
go back to reference Wertheimer, M. (1924). Gestalt Theory. In: E. D. Ellis Address Before the Kant Society, Berlin, 7th December, 1924; reprinted in Wertheimer M (1950) in A Sourcebook of Gestalt Psychology, (Humanities, New York) (pp 1–11). Wertheimer, M. (1924). Gestalt Theory. In: E. D. Ellis Address Before the Kant Society, Berlin, 7th December, 1924; reprinted in Wertheimer M (1950) in A Sourcebook of Gestalt Psychology, (Humanities, New York) (pp 1–11).
go back to reference Winkler, I., Denham, S. L., & Nelken, I. (2009). Modeling the auditory scene: predictive regularity representations and perceptual objects. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 13, 532–540. PubMedCrossRef Winkler, I., Denham, S. L., & Nelken, I. (2009). Modeling the auditory scene: predictive regularity representations and perceptual objects. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 13, 532–540. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Yost, W. A. (1994). Fundamentals of hearing: An introduction. Cambridge: Academic Press. Yost, W. A. (1994). Fundamentals of hearing: An introduction. Cambridge: Academic Press.
Metagegevens
Titel
Manipulation of low-level features modulates grouping strength of auditory objects
Auteurs
Gennadiy Gurariy
Richard Randall
Adam S. Greenberg
Publicatiedatum
20-07-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 6/2021
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-020-01391-4