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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 5/2019

17-01-2019 | Original Paper

Eye Tracking Effort Expenditure and Autonomic Arousal to Social and Circumscribed Interest Stimuli in Autism Spectrum Disorder

Auteurs: J. M. Traynor, A. Gough, E. Duku, D. I. Shore, G. B. C. Hall

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 5/2019

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Abstract

The social communicative deficits and repetitive behaviours seen in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) may be affected by altered stimulus salience and reward attribution. The present study used eye tracking and a behavioural measure to index effort expenditure, arousal, and attention, during viewing of images depicting social scenes and subject-specific circumscribed interests in a group of 10 adults with ASD (mean age 25.4 years) and 19 typically-developing controls (mean age 20.7 years) Split-plot and one-way repeated measures ANOVAs were used to explore results. A significant difference between the ASD and control group was found in the amount of effort expended to view social and circumscribed images. The ASD group also displayed significant differences in pupillary response to social and circumscribed images, indicative of changes in autonomic arousal. Overall, the results support the social motivation hypothesis in ASD (Chevallier et al., Trends Cogn Sci 16(4):231–239, 2012) and suggest a role for autonomic arousal in the ASD symptom dyad.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Eye Tracking Effort Expenditure and Autonomic Arousal to Social and Circumscribed Interest Stimuli in Autism Spectrum Disorder
Auteurs
J. M. Traynor
A. Gough
E. Duku
D. I. Shore
G. B. C. Hall
Publicatiedatum
17-01-2019
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 5/2019
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-018-03877-y