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18-01-2017 | Empirical Research

Emotional Awareness in Depressive and Anxiety Symptoms in Youth: A Meta-Analytic Review

Auteurs: Lena Sendzik, Johanna Ö. Schäfer, Andrea C. Samson, Eva Naumann, Brunna Tuschen-Caffier

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Youth and Adolescence | Uitgave 4/2017

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Abstract

Emotion regulation is assumed to play an important role in depressive and anxiety symptoms in youth. However, the role of core components of emotion regulation, such as emotional awareness, is not well understood so far. Thus this meta-analysis aimed to examine the relationship between depressive and anxiety symptoms with emotional awareness in youth. A systematic literature search (PsycINFO, Medline, Google Scholar) identified 21 studies, from which 34 effect sizes were extracted. Results from random effects models showed that difficulties in emotional awareness were significantly correlated with a medium effect size for each, depressive and anxiety symptoms separately, and for their combined effects (overall outcome). Additionally, further analyses revealed that age was a significant moderator of the relationship between emotional awareness with depressive and anxiety symptoms, with younger samples (mean age ≤ 12 years) showing a stronger association between difficulties in emotional awareness and depressive and anxiety symptoms as compared to older samples (mean age > 12 years). The results suggest that emotional awareness may be of relevance for depressive and anxiety symptoms in youth. Future work is required to examine longitudinal developments, moderators, and mediators in multi-method approaches. Moreover, children and adolescents may benefit from interventions that aim to enhance emotional awareness.
Voetnoten
1
In the literature, the related construct of Alexithymia (Sifneos 1973) and the broader term Emotion Identification Skills which also comprise emotion clarity, emotion perception and mood labeling (Ciarrochi et al. 2008) are often being used as interchangeable with emotional awareness. However, in contrast to broader conceptualizations of emotional awareness, these terms mainly focus on identifying and differentiating one’s own emotions, disregarding both the ongoing analysis of their causes and consequences and the ability to perceive emotional experiences of others (Lane and Schwartz 1987). In some cases, components of emotional intelligence overlap with the construct of emotional awareness (Fernandez-Berrocal et al. 2006).
 
2
We would like to note that we focus on depressive and anxiety symptoms in accordance with previous work (Schäfer et al. 2016) and due to the methodological requirements of meta-analytic procedures with regard to the number of available effect sizes which was not given for other symptom groups that may be of interest.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Emotional Awareness in Depressive and Anxiety Symptoms in Youth: A Meta-Analytic Review
Auteurs
Lena Sendzik
Johanna Ö. Schäfer
Andrea C. Samson
Eva Naumann
Brunna Tuschen-Caffier
Publicatiedatum
18-01-2017
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Youth and Adolescence / Uitgave 4/2017
Print ISSN: 0047-2891
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-6601
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-017-0629-0

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