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09-11-2019 | OriginalPaper | Uitgave 2/2020 Open Access

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 2/2020

Dissociation in How Core Autism Features Relate to Interoceptive Dimensions: Evidence from Cardiac Awareness in Children

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 2/2020
Auteurs:
E. R. Palser, A. Fotopoulou, E. Pellicano, J. M. Kilner
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10803-019-04279-4) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Abstract

Interoception in autism is receiving increasing research attention. Previously, differences were identified in autism on both objective and subjective measures of interoception, and an association with anxiety. Yet, it is currently unknown how interoception relates to core autism features. Here, in 49 autistic children, we consider how interoceptive accuracy (measured with heartbeat detection tasks) and sensibility (subjective judgements of awareness) relate to overall severity on the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, and symptom domains of social-affective and repetitive, restricted behaviors. Socio-affective features were related to interoceptive sensibility, while repetitive restricted behaviors were related to interoceptive accuracy. This dissociation suggests disparate interoceptive mechanisms for the formation and/or maintenance of autistic features.

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