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22-10-2019 | Original Paper

Autism and Reactions to Provocation in a Social and Non-social Context

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Auteurs:
Lisa Wagels, Isabella Schneider, Saskia Menke, Anna Katharina Ponge, Nils Kohn, Frank Schneider, Ute Habel
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Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10803-019-04257-w) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Lisa Wagels and Isabella Schneider have a shared first-authorship/ contributed equally to this work.

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Abstract

Externalizing behaviors in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are often either reduced or elevated compared to healthy controls (HCs). This study investigated the moderating role of context in ASD by comparing 32 individuals with ASD to 40 HCs during a social and a non-social provocation task. Compared to HCs, individuals with ASD showed similar externalizing behavior in the social context. In the non-social context reactions after provocation were enhanced relative to non-provoking situations. The findings implicate that the context is an important influencing variable when comparing individuals with ASD to HCs after being provoked. Impulsivity, trait aggression and empathy did not predict behavior in the ASD group but were partly related to observed behavior in HCs.

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Extra materiaal
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 56 kb)
10803_2019_4257_MOESM1_ESM.docx
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