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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 4/2014

01-04-2014 | Brief Report

Brief Report: Pilot Single-Blind Placebo Lead-In Study of Acamprosate in Youth with Autistic Disorder

Auteurs: Craig A. Erickson, Logan K. Wink, Maureen C. Early, Elizabeth Stiegelmeyer, Lauren Mathieu-Frasier, Vanessa Patrick, Christopher J. McDougle

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 4/2014

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Abstract

Rationale

An excitatory/inhibitory (E:I) imbalance marked by enhanced glutamate and deficient gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurotransmission may contribute to the pathophysiology of autism spectrum disorders (ASD).

Objectives

We report on the first single-blind placebo lead-in trial of acamprosate, a drug with putative mechanisms restoring E:I imbalance, in twelve youth with ASD.

Materials and methods

We conducted a 12-week single-blind, placebo lead-in study of acamprosate in youth age 5–17 years with autistic disorder.

Results

Six of nine subjects who received active drug treatment were deemed treatment responders (defined by a score at final visit of “very much improved” or “much improved” on the Clinical Global Impressions Improvement scale) and ≥25 % improvement on the Aberrant Behavior Checklist Social Withdrawal subscale.

Conclusion

Future larger-scale dose finding studies of acamprosate in ASD may be warranted given this preliminary indication of benefit.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Brief Report: Pilot Single-Blind Placebo Lead-In Study of Acamprosate in Youth with Autistic Disorder
Auteurs
Craig A. Erickson
Logan K. Wink
Maureen C. Early
Elizabeth Stiegelmeyer
Lauren Mathieu-Frasier
Vanessa Patrick
Christopher J. McDougle
Publicatiedatum
01-04-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 4/2014
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-013-1943-3

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