Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 8/2012

01-08-2012 | Brief Report

Brief Report: Effect of a Focused Imitation Intervention on Social Functioning in Children with Autism

Auteur: Brooke Ingersoll

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 8/2012

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

Imitation is an early skill thought to play a role in social development, leading some to suggest that teaching imitation to children with autism should lead to improvements in social functioning. This study used a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effect of a focused imitation intervention on initiation of joint attention and social-emotional functioning in 27 young children with autism. Results indicated the treatment group made significantly more gains in joint attention initiations at post-treatment and follow-up and social-emotional functioning at follow-up than the control group. Although gains in social functioning were associated with treatment, a mediation analysis did not support imitation as the mechanism of action. These findings suggest the intervention improves social functioning in children with ASD.
Voetnoten
1
Outcome data based on the imitation measures were reported elsewhere (Ingersoll 2010).
 
2
Gestures were not targeted for three children due to their low developmental age (<15 months).
 
3
Given our small sample size, we also used the bootstrapping multivariate extension of the Sobel test developed by Preacher and Hayes (2004) to test for mediation. The results were unchanged.
 
Literatuur
go back to reference American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. (text revision). American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. (text revision).
go back to reference Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6), 1173–1182. PubMedCrossRef Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6), 1173–1182. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Bayley, N. (2005). Bayley scales of infant and toddler development (3rd ed.). San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation. Bayley, N. (2005). Bayley scales of infant and toddler development (3rd ed.). San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.
go back to reference Dawson, G., & Galpert, L. (1990). Mothers’use of imitative play for facilitating social responsiveness and toy play in young autistic children. Development and Psychopathology, 2(15), 1–162. Dawson, G., & Galpert, L. (1990). Mothers’use of imitative play for facilitating social responsiveness and toy play in young autistic children. Development and Psychopathology, 2(15), 1–162.
go back to reference Eckerman, C. O., Davis, C. C., & Didow, S. M. (1989). Toddlers’ emerging ways of achieving social coordinations with a peer. Child Development, 60(2), 440–453. PubMedCrossRef Eckerman, C. O., Davis, C. C., & Didow, S. M. (1989). Toddlers’ emerging ways of achieving social coordinations with a peer. Child Development, 60(2), 440–453. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Escalona, A., Field, T., Nadel, J., & Lundy, B. (2002). Brief report: Imitation effects on children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 32(2), 141–144. PubMedCrossRef Escalona, A., Field, T., Nadel, J., & Lundy, B. (2002). Brief report: Imitation effects on children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 32(2), 141–144. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Greenspan, S. I. (2004). Greenspan social- emotional growth chart: A screening questionnaire for infants and young children. PsychCorp. Greenspan, S. I. (2004). Greenspan social- emotional growth chart: A screening questionnaire for infants and young children. PsychCorp.
go back to reference Harris, S. L., Handleman, J. S., & Fong, P. L. (1987). Imitation of self-stimulation. Child and Family Behavior Therapy, 9(1), 1–21. CrossRef Harris, S. L., Handleman, J. S., & Fong, P. L. (1987). Imitation of self-stimulation. Child and Family Behavior Therapy, 9(1), 1–21. CrossRef
go back to reference Ingersoll, B. (2008). The social role of imitation in autism: Implications for the treatment of imitation deficits. Infants Young Children, 21(2), 107–119. CrossRef Ingersoll, B. (2008). The social role of imitation in autism: Implications for the treatment of imitation deficits. Infants Young Children, 21(2), 107–119. CrossRef
go back to reference Ingersoll, B. (2010). Brief report: Pilot randomized controlled trial of reciprocal imitation training for teaching elicited and spontaneous imitation to children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40, 1154–1160. PubMedCrossRef Ingersoll, B. (2010). Brief report: Pilot randomized controlled trial of reciprocal imitation training for teaching elicited and spontaneous imitation to children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40, 1154–1160. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ingersoll, B., & Lalonde, K. (2010). The impact of nonverbal imitation training on language use in children with autism: A comparison of object and gesture imitation training. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, 53, 1040–1051 CrossRef Ingersoll, B., & Lalonde, K. (2010). The impact of nonverbal imitation training on language use in children with autism: A comparison of object and gesture imitation training. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, 53, 1040–1051 CrossRef
go back to reference Ingersoll, B., Lewis, E., & Kroman, E. (2007). Teaching the imitation and spontaneous use of descriptive gestures in young children with autism using a naturalistic behavioral intervention. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(8), 1446–1456. PubMedCrossRef Ingersoll, B., Lewis, E., & Kroman, E. (2007). Teaching the imitation and spontaneous use of descriptive gestures in young children with autism using a naturalistic behavioral intervention. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(8), 1446–1456. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Ingersoll, B., & Schreibman, L. (2006). Teaching reciprocal imitation skills to young children with autism using a naturalistic behavioral approach: Effects on language, pretend play, and joint attention. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36(4), 487–505. PubMedCrossRef Ingersoll, B., & Schreibman, L. (2006). Teaching reciprocal imitation skills to young children with autism using a naturalistic behavioral approach: Effects on language, pretend play, and joint attention. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36(4), 487–505. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kasari, C., Paparella, T., Freeman, S., & Jahromi, L. B. (2008). Language outcome in autism: Randomized comparison of joint attention and play interventions. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76(1), 125–137. PubMedCrossRef Kasari, C., Paparella, T., Freeman, S., & Jahromi, L. B. (2008). Language outcome in autism: Randomized comparison of joint attention and play interventions. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76(1), 125–137. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Kazdin, A. E., & Nock, M. K. (2003). Delineating mechanisms of change in child and adolescent therapy: Methodological issues and research recommendations. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 44(8), 1116–1129. PubMedCrossRef Kazdin, A. E., & Nock, M. K. (2003). Delineating mechanisms of change in child and adolescent therapy: Methodological issues and research recommendations. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 44(8), 1116–1129. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lewy, A. L., & Dawson, G. (1992). Social stimulation and joint attention in young autistic children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 20(6), 555–566. PubMedCrossRef Lewy, A. L., & Dawson, G. (1992). Social stimulation and joint attention in young autistic children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 20(6), 555–566. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Lord, C., Risi, S., Lambrecht, L., Cook, E. H., Leventhal, B. L., DiLavore, P. C., et al. (2000). The autism diagnostic observation schedule—generic: A standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with the spectrum of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30(3), 205–223. PubMedCrossRef Lord, C., Risi, S., Lambrecht, L., Cook, E. H., Leventhal, B. L., DiLavore, P. C., et al. (2000). The autism diagnostic observation schedule—generic: A standard measure of social and communication deficits associated with the spectrum of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30(3), 205–223. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference McDuffie, A., Turner, L., Stone, W., Yoder, P., Wolery, M., & Ulman, T. (2007). Developmental correlates of different types of motor imitation in young children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(3), 401–412. PubMedCrossRef McDuffie, A., Turner, L., Stone, W., Yoder, P., Wolery, M., & Ulman, T. (2007). Developmental correlates of different types of motor imitation in young children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(3), 401–412. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Nadel, J. (2002). Imitation and imitation recognition: Functional use in preverbal infants and nonverbal children with autism. In A. N. Meltzoff & W. Prinz (Eds.), The imitative mind: Development, evolution and brain bases (pp. 46–62). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Nadel, J. (2002). Imitation and imitation recognition: Functional use in preverbal infants and nonverbal children with autism. In A. N. Meltzoff & W. Prinz (Eds.), The imitative mind: Development, evolution and brain bases (pp. 46–62). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Nadel, J., & Peze, A. (1993). What makes immediate imitation communicative in toddlers and autistic children. In J. Nadel & L. Camaioni (Eds.), New perspectives in early communicative development (pp. 139–156). New York: Routledge. Nadel, J., & Peze, A. (1993). What makes immediate imitation communicative in toddlers and autistic children. In J. Nadel & L. Camaioni (Eds.), New perspectives in early communicative development (pp. 139–156). New York: Routledge.
go back to reference Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2004). SPSS and SAS procedures for estimating indirect effects in simple mediation models. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 36(4), 717. CrossRef Preacher, K. J., & Hayes, A. F. (2004). SPSS and SAS procedures for estimating indirect effects in simple mediation models. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 36(4), 717. CrossRef
go back to reference Rogers, S. J. (1999). An examination of the imitation deficit in autism. In J. Nadel & G. Butterworth (Eds.), Imitation in infancy (pp. 254–279). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Rogers, S. J. (1999). An examination of the imitation deficit in autism. In J. Nadel & G. Butterworth (Eds.), Imitation in infancy (pp. 254–279). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
go back to reference Rogers, S. J., Hepburn, S. L., Stackhouse, T., & Wehner, E. (2003). Imitation performance in toddlers with autism and those with other developmental disorders. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry & Allied Disciplines, 44(5), 763–781 CrossRef Rogers, S. J., Hepburn, S. L., Stackhouse, T., & Wehner, E. (2003). Imitation performance in toddlers with autism and those with other developmental disorders. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry & Allied Disciplines, 44(5), 763–781 CrossRef
go back to reference Rogers, S. J., & Pennington, B. F. (1991). A theoretical approach to the deficits in infantile autism. Development and Psychopathology, 3(2), 137–162. CrossRef Rogers, S. J., & Pennington, B. F. (1991). A theoretical approach to the deficits in infantile autism. Development and Psychopathology, 3(2), 137–162. CrossRef
go back to reference Seibert, J. M., Hogan, A. E., & Mundy, P. C. (1982). Assessing interactional competencies: The early social-communication scales. Infant Mental Health Journal, 3(4), 244–245. CrossRef Seibert, J. M., Hogan, A. E., & Mundy, P. C. (1982). Assessing interactional competencies: The early social-communication scales. Infant Mental Health Journal, 3(4), 244–245. CrossRef
go back to reference Smith, I. M., & Bryson, S. E. (1994). Imitation and action in autism: A critical review. Psychological Bulletin, 116, 259–273. PubMedCrossRef Smith, I. M., & Bryson, S. E. (1994). Imitation and action in autism: A critical review. Psychological Bulletin, 116, 259–273. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Stone, W. L., Ousley, O. Y., & Littleford, C. D. (1997). Motor imitation in young children with autism: What’s the object? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 25(6), 475–485. PubMedCrossRef Stone, W. L., Ousley, O. Y., & Littleford, C. D. (1997). Motor imitation in young children with autism: What’s the object? Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 25(6), 475–485. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Tiegerman, E., & Primavera, L. H. (1984). Imitating the autistic child: Facilitating communicative gaze behavior. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 14(1), 27–38. PubMedCrossRef Tiegerman, E., & Primavera, L. H. (1984). Imitating the autistic child: Facilitating communicative gaze behavior. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 14(1), 27–38. PubMedCrossRef
go back to reference Uzgiris, I. C. (1981). Two functions of imitation during infancy. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 4(1), 1–12. Uzgiris, I. C. (1981). Two functions of imitation during infancy. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 4(1), 1–12.
go back to reference Zimmerman, I. L., Steiner, V. G., & Pond, R. E. (2002). Preschool language scale (4th ed.). San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation. Zimmerman, I. L., Steiner, V. G., & Pond, R. E. (2002). Preschool language scale (4th ed.). San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation.
Metagegevens
Titel
Brief Report: Effect of a Focused Imitation Intervention on Social Functioning in Children with Autism
Auteur
Brooke Ingersoll
Publicatiedatum
01-08-2012
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 8/2012
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-011-1423-6