Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
It takes considerable time before Autism Spectrum Disorders are diagnosed. Validated diagnostic instruments are available, but not applicable to primary healthcare. By means of a case–control study we investigated whether there were differences in presented complaints and referral patterns between children with ASD (n = 49) and a control group of children without ASD (n = 81). Children with ASD were often presented as crybabies and often showed feeding problems. They visited the GP’s surgery more often with anxiety disorders, enuresis, and sleeping disorders. They were referred more often to physiotherapists and speech-therapists and had tympanostomy tubes and tonsillectomies more often. Depression in the parents of children with ASD was remarkably prevalent.
Barbaro, J., & Dissanayake, C. (2009). Autism spectrum disorders in infancy and toddlerhood: A review of the evidence on early signs, early identification tools, and early diagnosis. Journal of Development Pediatric, 30, 447–459. CrossRef
Berckelaer-Onnes, I. A. (2004). Zestig jaar autisme. (Sixty years of Autism.). Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde, 148, 1024–1030. PubMed
Cousens, S., Blencowe, H., Gravett, M., & Lawn, J. (2010). Antibiotics for pre-term pre-labour rupture of membranes: Prevention of neonatal deaths due to complications of pre-term birth and infection. International Journal of Epidemiology, 39(1), 134–143. CrossRef
De Giacomo, A., & Fombonne, E. (1998). Parental recognition of developmental abnormalities in autism. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 7, 131–136. CrossRef
Delfos, M. F. (2003). Een vreemde wereld (A strange world.). Amsterdam: SWP.
Gaag, R. J., & Van Berckelaer-Onnes, I. A. (2000). Protocol autisme en aan autisme verwante contactstoornissen. (Protocol autism and autism related contact-diseases). In P. Prins & N. Pameyer (Eds.), Protocollen in de jeugdzorg: Richtlijnen voor diagnostiek, indicatiestelling en interventie. (Protocols in youth care: Directives for diagnostics, indications and intervention.) (pp. 135–155). Lisse: Swets & Zeitlinger.
Ghanizadeh, A., Alishahi, M., & Ashkani, H. (2009). Helping families for caring children with autistic spectrum disorders. Archives of Iranian Medicine, 12(5), 478–482. PubMed
Gillott, A., & Standen, P. J. (2007). Levels of anxiety and sources of stress in adults with autism. Journal of Intellectual Disabilities Disabilities, 11, 359–370. CrossRef
Goldenberg, R., Culhane, J., Lams, J., & Romero, R. (2008). Epidemiology and causes of preterm birth. The Lancet, 371(9606), 75–84. CrossRef
Hall, H., & Graff, J. (2010). The relationships among adaptive behaviors of children with autism, family support, parenting stress, and coping. Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing, 34(1), 4–25. CrossRef
Hiscock, H., & Jordan, B. (2004). Problem crying in infancy. The Medical Journal of Australia, 181(9), 507–512. PubMed
Hoshino, Y., Kaneko, M., Yashima, Y., Kumashiro, H., Volkmar, F., & Cohen, D. (1987). Clinical features of autistic children with setback course in their infancy. Journal of Neurology and Psychiatry, 41, 237–245.
Howlin, P., Magiati, I., Charman, T., & MacLean, W. E., Jr. (2009). Systematic review of early intensive behavioral interventions for children with autism. American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 114, 23–41. PubMed
Jacob, S., Landeros-Weisenberger, A., & Leckman, J. F. (2009). Autism spectrum and obsessive–compulsive disorders: OC behaviors, phenotypes and genetics. Autism Research, 6, 293–311. CrossRef
Jyonouchi, H., Geng, L., Cushing-Ruby, A., & Quraishi, H. (2008). Impact of innate immunity in a subset of children with autism spectrum disorders: a case control study. Journal of Neuroinflammation, 21, 52. CrossRef
Kolevzon, A., Gross, R., & Reichenberg, A. (2007). Prenatal and perinatal risk factors for autism, a review and integration of findings. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescents Medicine, 161, 326–333. CrossRef
Kurita, H. (1985). Infantile autism with speech loss before the age of 30 months. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 24, 191–196.
Land, H., & Schoemaker, C. (2005). Trimbos zakboek psychische stoornissen. (Trimbos handpocket psychiatric disorders). Utrecht: De Tijdstroom.
Lisdonk, E. (2007). Ziekten in de huisartspraktijk (Diseases in the general Medical practice.). Maarssen: Elsevier gezondheidszorg.
Muhle, R., Trentacoste, S. V., & Rapin, I. (2004). The genetics of autism. Pediatrics, 113, 472–486. CrossRef
Mulvihill, B., et al. (2009) Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders—Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, United States, 2006. MMWR Surveillance Summary 2009, 58(10):1–20.
Rhoades, R. A., Scarpa, A., & Salley, B. (2007). The importance of physician knowledge of autism spectrum disorder: Results of a parent survey. BMC Pediatrics, 20, 7–37.
Rogers, S., & Di Lalla, D. (1990). Age of symptom onset in young children with pervasive developmental disorders. Journal of American Child Adolescent Psychiatry, 29, 863–972. CrossRef
Simonoff, E., Pickles, A., Charman, T., Chandler, S., Loucas, T., & Baird, G. (2008). Psychiatric disorders in children with autism spectrum disorders: prevalence, comorbidity, and associated factors in a population-derived sample. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 47, 921–929. PubMedCrossRef
Sukhodolsky, D., Scahill, L., Gadow, K., Arnold, L., Aman, M., McDougle, C., et al. (2008). Parent-rated anxiety symptoms in children with pervasive developmental disorders: frequency and association with core autism symptoms and cognitive functioning. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36, 117–128. PubMedCrossRef
Vigil-De Gracia, P. (2001). Pregnancy complicated by pre-eclampsia with HELLP syndrome. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, 72(1), 17–23. CrossRef
Werner, E., & Dawson, G. (2005). Validation of the phenomenon of autistic disorder regression using home videotapes. Archives General Psychiatry, 62, 889–895. CrossRef
Wessel, M. (1954). Paroxismal fussing in infancy, sometimes called ‘colic’. Pediatrics, 14, 421–435. PubMed
- Detecting Autism Spectrum Disorders in the General Practitioner’S Practice
Michelle A. M. M. van Tongerloo
Hans H. J. Bor
Antoine L. M. Lagro-Janssen
- Springer US