Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Young boys with autism were compared to typically developing boys on responses to nonsocial and child-directed speech (CDS) stimuli. Behavioral (looking) and physiological (heart rate and respiratory sinus arrhythmia) measures were collected. Boys with autism looked equally as much as chronological age-matched peers at nonsocial stimuli, but less at CDS stimuli. Boys with autism and language age-matched peers differed in patterns of looking at live versus videotaped CDS stimuli. Boys with autism demonstrated faster heart rates than chronological age-matched peers, but did not differ significantly on respiratory sinus arrhythmia. Reduced attention during CDS may restrict language-learning opportunities for children with autism. The heart rate findings suggest that young children with autism have a nonspecific elevated arousal level.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Althaus, M., van Roon, A. M., Mulder, L. J. M., Mulder, G., Aarnoudse, C. C., & Minderaa, R. B. (2004). Autonomic response patterns observed during the performance of an attention-demanding task in two groups of children with autistic-like difficulties in social adjustment. Psychophysiology,41, 893–904. PubMedCrossRef
Corona, R., Dissanayake, C., Arbelle, S., Wellington, P., & Sigman, M. (1998). Is affect aversive to young children with autism? Behavioral and cardiac responses to experimenter distress. Child Development,69, 1494–1502. PubMed
Dalton, K. M., Nacewicz, B. M., Johnstone, T., Schaefer, H. S., Gernbacher, M. A., Goldsmith, H. H., et al. (2005). Gaze fixation and the neural circuitry of face processing in autism. Nature Neuroscience,8, 519–526. PubMed
Fox, N. A. (1989). Psychophysiological correlates of emotional reactivity during the first year of life. Developmental Psychology,25, 364–372. CrossRef
Goodwin, M. S., Groden, J., Velicer, W. F., Lipsitt, L. P., Baron, M. G., Hofmann, S. G., et al. (2006). Cardiovascular arousal in individuals with autism. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities,21, 100–123. CrossRef
Hirstein, W., Iverson, P., & Ramachandran, V. S. (2001). Autonomic responses of autistic children to people and objects. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London,268, 1883–1888. CrossRef
Jaccard, J., Becker, M. A., & Wood, G. (1984). Pairwise multiple comparison procedures: A review. Psychological Bulletin,95, 589–596. CrossRef
Kannass, K. N., & Oakes, L. M. (2008). The development of attention and its relation to language in infancy and toddlerhood. Journal of Cognition and Development,9, 222–246. CrossRef
Kuhl, P. K., Tsao, F.-M., & Liu, H.-M. (2003). Foreign-language experience in infancy: Effects of short-term exposure and social interaction on phonetic learning. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,100, 9096–9101. CrossRef
Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P. C., & Risi, S. (1999). Autism diagnostic observation schedule. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
Mini-Logger 2000 (1994). Sunriver. OR: Mini Mitter Co., Inc.
Mullen, E. M. (1995). Mullen scales of early learning. Circle Pines: American Guidance Service.
Onwuegbuzie, A. J., & Leech, N. L. (2004). Post hoc power: A concept whose time has come. Understanding Statistics,3, 201–230. CrossRef
Pine, J. M. (1994). The language of primary caregivers. In C. Gallaway & B. J. Richards (Eds.), Input and interaction in language acquisition (pp. 15–37). New York: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
Porges, S. W. (1985). Method and apparatus for evaluating rhythmic oscillations in aperiodic physiological response systems. United States Patent no. 4520944.
Porges, S. W., Heilman, K. J., Bazhenova, O. V., Bal, E., Doussard-Roosevelt, J. A., & Koledin, M. (2007). Does motor activity during psychophysiological paradigms confound the quantification and interpretation of heart rate and heart rate variability measures in young children? Psychobiology,49, 485–494. CrossRef
Richards, J. E. (1995). Reliability of respiratory sinus arrhythmia in R–R intervals, in 14-, 20-, and 26-week-old infants. Infant Behavior and Development,18, 155–161. CrossRef
Roberts, J. E., McDonald, L. M., Kelleher, B. L., & Shinkareva, S. (2010, March). Heart activity and autistic behavior in infants with fragile X syndrome. In J. E. Roberts (Chair), Detection and effect of autism on infants and preschoolers with fragile X syndrome. Symposium conducted at the 42nd Annual Gatlinburg Conference on Research and Theory in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Annapolis, MD.
Rutter, M., LeCouteur, A., & Lord, C. (2003). Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised: Manual. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
Sanders, J., Johnson, K. A., Garavan, H., Gill, M., & Gallagher, L. (2008). A review of neuropsychological and neuroimaging research in autism spectrum disorders: attention, inhibition, and cognitive flexibility. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders,2, 1–16. CrossRef
Schoen, S. A., Miller, L. J., Brett-Green, B. A., & Nielsen, D. M. (2009). Physiological and behavioral differences in sensory processing: A comparison of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Sensory Modulation Disorder. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience,3(29), 1–11. doi: 10.3389/neuro.07.029.2009.
Shaddy, D. J., & Colombo, J. (2004). Developmental changes in infant attention to dynamic and static stimuli. Infancy,5, 355–365. CrossRef
Software for Behavioral Research. (1996). Sterling, VA: Noldus Information Technology.
Sparrow, S. S., Balla, D. A., & Cicchetti, D. V. (1984). Vineland adaptive behavior scales. Circle Pines: American Guidance Service.
Swettenham, J., Baron-Cohen, S., Charman, T., Cox, A., Baird, G., Drew, A., et al. (1998). The frequency and distribution of spontaneous attention shifts between social and nonsocial stimuli in autistic, typically developing, and nonautistic developmentally delayed infants. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry,39, 747–753. PubMedCrossRef
Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics (5th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Thiessen, E. D., Hill, E. A., & Saffran, J. R. (2005). Infant-directed speech facilitates word segmentation. Infancy,7, 53–71. CrossRef
Watson, L. R., Baranek, G. T., Roberts, J. E., David, F. J., & Perryman, T. Y. (2010). Behavioral and physiological responses to child-directed speech as predictors of communication outcomes in children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research,53, 1052–1064. CrossRef
Yerkes, R. M., & Dodson, J. D. (1908). The relation of strength of stimulus to rapidity of habit-formation. Journal of Comparative Neurology and Psychology,18, 459–482. CrossRef
Zimmerman, I., Steiner, V., & Pond, R. E. (2002). Preschool language scale (4th ed.). San Antonio: Harcourt.
- Behavioral and Physiological Responses to Child-Directed Speech of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders or Typical Development
Linda R. Watson
Jane E. Roberts
Grace T. Baranek
Kerry C. Mandulak
Jennifer C. Dalton
- Springer US