Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Inflexibility is a major characteristic of autism. In the present study we addressed inflexible mealtime behaviors and collected longitudinal data across 48 foods for 3 children, ages 6.4–7.8 years, diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, for up to 22 weeks. Participants exhibited severe challenges with adherence to an extremely restricted repertoire of foods. We employed clinical replication and multiple baseline designs across participants to assess the effects of individualized reinforcement and hierarchical exposure to increase flexibility. Results showed that following intervention, all participants expanded their food repertoire and spontaneously requested new foods during follow up/generalization. Implications for clinical practice and directions for further research are discussed.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Arlington, VA: Brookes. (4th ed., text revision).
Barlow, D. H., Nock, M. K., & Hersen, M. (2009). Single case experimental designs (3rd ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.
Bures, J., Bermudez-Rattoni, F., & Yamamoto, T. (1998). Conditioned taste aversion: Memory of a special kind. Oxford: Oxford Medical Publications. CrossRef
Charlop-Christy, M. H., Carpenter, M. L., LeBlanc, L. A., & Kellet, K. (2002). Using the picture exchange communication system (PECS) with children with autism: Assessment of PECS acquisition, speech, social-communicative behavior, and problem behavior. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis,35, 213–231. doi: 10.1901/jaba.2002.35-213. PubMedCrossRef
Klin, A., Danovitch, J. H., Merz, A. B., & Volkmar, F. R. (2007). Circumscribed interests in higher functioning individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders: An exploratory study. Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities.,32, 89–100.
Koegel, L. K. (2000). Interventions to facilitate communication in Autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, Special Issue: Treatments for people with autism and other pervasive developmental disorders: Research Perspectives,30(5), 383–391. doi: 10.1023/a:1005539220932.
Koegel, L. K., Koegel, R. L., & Dunlap, G. (1996). Positive behavioral support. Baltimore, MD: Brookes.
Lang, R., Didden, R., Machalicek, W., Rispoli, M., Sigafoos, J., Lancioni, G., et al. (2009). Behavioral treatment of chronic skin-picking in individuals with Developmental Disabilities: A systematic review. Research in Developmental Disabilities,31, 304–315. doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2009.10.017. PubMedCrossRef
Malmberg, D. B. (2008). Assessment of a collaborative parent education program targeting the rigid and ritualistic behaviors of children with Autism. Dissertations International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering Volume, 68. Retrieved April 5, 2010, from Dissertations and Theses database.
Rutter, M. (2006). Diagnosis and definitions of childhood autism. Journal of Autism and Childhood Schizophrenia,8, 138–161. doi: 10.1007/BF01537863.
Szatmari, P., Georgiades, S., Bryson, S., Zwaigenbaum, L., Roberts, W., Mahoney, W., et al. (2006). Investigating the structure of the restricted, repetitive behaviours and interests domain of Autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry,47, 582–590. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2005.01537.x. PubMedCrossRef
- Using Individualized Reinforcers and Hierarchical Exposure to Increase Food Flexibility in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Robert L. Koegel
Amber A. Bharoocha
Courtney B. Ribnick
Ryan C. Ribnick
Mario O. Bucio
Rosy M. Fredeen
Lynn Kern Koegel
- Springer US