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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 8/2012

01-08-2012 | Original Paper

Audiovisual Speech Perception and Eye Gaze Behavior of Adults with Asperger Syndrome

Auteurs: Satu Saalasti, Jari Kätsyri, Kaisa Tiippana, Mari Laine-Hernandez, Lennart von Wendt, Mikko Sams

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 8/2012

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Abstract

Audiovisual speech perception was studied in adults with Asperger syndrome (AS), by utilizing the McGurk effect, in which conflicting visual articulation alters the perception of heard speech. The AS group perceived the audiovisual stimuli differently from age, sex and IQ matched controls. When a voice saying /p/ was presented with a face articulating /k/, the controls predominantly heard /k/. Instead, the AS group heard /k/ and /t/ with almost equal frequency, but with large differences between individuals. There were no differences in gaze direction or unisensory perception between the AS and control participants that could have contributed to the audiovisual differences. We suggest an explanation in terms of weak support from the motor system for audiovisual speech perception in AS.
Voetnoten
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Note that for the behavioral results, all 16 participants of both groups were included in the analysis in order to maximize the group size. An analysis of the behavioral results of those 9 AS participants and 14 control participants who were excluded from the eye gaze analysis gave the same statistically significant results as the analysis with all 16 participants. The eye gaze results were similar when an analysis was conducted for the matched 9 AS and 9 control participant pairs.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Audiovisual Speech Perception and Eye Gaze Behavior of Adults with Asperger Syndrome
Auteurs
Satu Saalasti
Jari Kätsyri
Kaisa Tiippana
Mari Laine-Hernandez
Lennart von Wendt
Mikko Sams
Publicatiedatum
01-08-2012
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 8/2012
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-011-1400-0

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