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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 5/2015

01-05-2015 | Brief Report

Brief Report: Chimpanzee Social Responsiveness Scale (CSRS) Detects Individual Variation in Social Responsiveness for Captive Chimpanzees

Auteurs: Carley Faughn, Natasha Marrus, Jeremy Shuman, Stephen R. Ross, John N. Constantino, John R. Pruett Jr., Daniel J. Povinelli

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 5/2015

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Abstract

Comparative studies of social responsiveness, a core impairment in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), will enhance our understanding of typical and atypical social behavior. We previously reported a quantitative, cross-species (human–chimpanzee) social responsiveness measure, which included the development of the Chimpanzee Social Responsiveness Scale (CSRS). Here, we augment our prior CSRS sample with 25 zoo chimpanzees at three sites: combined N = 54. The CSRS demonstrated strong interrater reliability, and low-ranked chimpanzees, on average, displayed higher CSRS scores. The CSRS continues to discriminate variation in chimpanzee social responsiveness, and the association of higher scores with lower chimpanzee social standing has implications for the relationship between autistic traits and human social status. Continued comparative investigations of social responsiveness will enhance our understanding of underlying impairments in ASD, improve early diagnosis, and inform future therapies.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Brief Report: Chimpanzee Social Responsiveness Scale (CSRS) Detects Individual Variation in Social Responsiveness for Captive Chimpanzees
Auteurs
Carley Faughn
Natasha Marrus
Jeremy Shuman
Stephen R. Ross
John N. Constantino
John R. Pruett Jr.
Daniel J. Povinelli
Publicatiedatum
01-05-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 5/2015
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-014-2273-9