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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 5/2015

01-05-2015 | Original Paper

Detecting Subgroups in Children Diagnosed with Pervasive Developmental Disorder - Not Otherwise Specified

Auteurs: Laura Brennan, Marianne Barton, Chi-Ming Chen, James Green, Deborah Fein

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 5/2015

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Abstract

Hierarchical cluster analyses were used to detect three subgroups in a sample of children with pervasive developmental disorder—not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) evaluated at ages 2 and 4. At age 2, Cluster 1 demonstrated few autism symptoms and high cognitive scores; 60 % no longer met criteria for PDD at 4. Cluster 2 exhibited more autism symptoms and lower cognitive scores at 2; 89.5 % met criteria for ASD at 4. Cluster 3 had the lowest cognitive scores and most impaired social/communication skills at 2, but no repetitive behaviors; 60 % diagnosed with Autistic Disorder at 4. Results shed light on outcomes for different PDD-NOS types and raise questions regarding the increased importance of repetitive behaviors in DSM-5.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Detecting Subgroups in Children Diagnosed with Pervasive Developmental Disorder - Not Otherwise Specified
Auteurs
Laura Brennan
Marianne Barton
Chi-Ming Chen
James Green
Deborah Fein
Publicatiedatum
01-05-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 5/2015
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-014-2295-3