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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 3/2016

01-03-2016 | Original Paper

Altered Gesture and Speech Production in ASD Detract from In-Person Communicative Quality

Auteurs: Laura M. Morett, Kirsten O’Hearn, Beatriz Luna, Avniel Singh Ghuman

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 3/2016

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Abstract

This study disentangled the influences of language and social processing on communication in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by examining whether gesture and speech production differs as a function of social context. The results indicate that, unlike other adolescents, adolescents with ASD did not increase their coherency and engagement in the presence of a visible listener, and that greater coherency and engagement were related to lesser social and communicative impairments. Additionally, the results indicated that adolescents with ASD produced sparser speech and fewer gestures conveying supplementary information, and that both of these effects increased in the presence of a visible listener. Together, these findings suggest that interpersonal communication deficits in ASD are driven more strongly by social processing than language processing.
Voetnoten
1
Lexical affiliates were identified for all gesture types (iconic, metaphorical, beat, deictic), which reduced interrater agreement compared to other similar studies (e.g., de Marchena and Eigsti 2010) where not all gesture types were scored.
 
2
This value was lower than others because there were unlimited possibilities, rather than a fixed scale or alternatives to choose between. In order to be scored as in agreement, both coders’ response were required to be identical.
 
3
Text analysis measures were used as a metric of speech complexity because there are no comparable automated measures specifically designed for speech analysis.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Altered Gesture and Speech Production in ASD Detract from In-Person Communicative Quality
Auteurs
Laura M. Morett
Kirsten O’Hearn
Beatriz Luna
Avniel Singh Ghuman
Publicatiedatum
01-03-2016
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 3/2016
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-015-2645-9