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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 3/2016

05-10-2015 | Original Paper

Narratives of Girls and Boys with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Gender Differences in Narrative Competence and Internal State Language

Auteurs: Christina Kauschke, Bettina van der Beek, Inge Kamp-Becker

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 3/2016

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Abstract

Since gender differences in the symptomatology of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are not well understood, the current study examines the communicative skills of males and females with ASD. Narrative competence and internal state language (ISL) was investigated using narrations elicited by a wordless picture book. 11 girls and 11 boys with ASD and 11 typically developing girls were individually matched. Although results demonstrate largely comparable narrative skills across groups, the groups differed with respect to the size and use of ISL: Girls with ASD verbalized and motivated internal states more often than boys, and both groups with ASD fell behind typically developing children in production of affective words. Implications for the clinical presentation of males and females with ASD are discussed.
Voetnoten
1
Pragmatics is a field of linguistics that refers to the social dimension of language, while phonology, semantics, morphology and syntax focus structural characteristics of the language system.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Narratives of Girls and Boys with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Gender Differences in Narrative Competence and Internal State Language
Auteurs
Christina Kauschke
Bettina van der Beek
Inge Kamp-Becker
Publicatiedatum
05-10-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 3/2016
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-015-2620-5