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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 3/2016

31-10-2015 | Original Paper

Atypical Neural Activity in Males But Not Females with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Auteurs: Melissa Kirkovski, Peter G. Enticott, Matthew E. Hughes, Susan L. Rossell, Paul B. Fitzgerald

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 3/2016

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Abstract

The medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and the right temporo-parietal junction (rTPj) are highly involved in social understanding, a core area of impairment in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We used fMRI to investigate sex differences in the neural correlates of social understanding in 27 high-functioning adults with ASD and 23 matched controls. There were no differences in neural activity in the mPFC or rTPj between groups during social processing. Whole brain analysis revealed decreased activity in the posterior superior temporal sulcus in males with ASD compared to control males while processing social information. This pattern was not observed in the female sub-sample. The current study indicates that sex mediates the neurobiology of ASD, particularly with respect to processing social information.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Atypical Neural Activity in Males But Not Females with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Auteurs
Melissa Kirkovski
Peter G. Enticott
Matthew E. Hughes
Susan L. Rossell
Paul B. Fitzgerald
Publicatiedatum
31-10-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 3/2016
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-015-2639-7