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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 4/2016

20-11-2015 | Original Paper

Supporting the Spectrum Hypothesis: Self-Reported Temperament in Children and Adolescents with High Functioning Autism

Auteurs: Catherine A. Burrows, Lauren V. Usher, Caley B. Schwartz, Peter C. Mundy, Heather A. Henderson

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 4/2016

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Abstract

This study tested the spectrum hypothesis, which posits that children and adolescents with high functioning autism (HFA) differ quantitatively but not qualitatively from typically developing peers on self-reported temperament. Temperament refers to early-appearing, relatively stable behavioral and emotional tendencies, which relate to maladaptive behaviors across clinical populations. Quantitatively, participants with HFA (N = 104, aged 10–16) self-reported less surgency and more negative affect but did not differ from comparison participants (N = 94, aged 10–16) on effortful control or affiliation. Qualitatively, groups demonstrated comparable reliability of self-reported temperament and associations between temperament and parent-reported behavior problems. These findings support the spectrum hypothesis, highlighting the utility of self-report temperament measures for understanding individual differences in comorbid behavior problems among children and adolescents with HFA.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Supporting the Spectrum Hypothesis: Self-Reported Temperament in Children and Adolescents with High Functioning Autism
Auteurs
Catherine A. Burrows
Lauren V. Usher
Caley B. Schwartz
Peter C. Mundy
Heather A. Henderson
Publicatiedatum
20-11-2015
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 4/2016
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-015-2653-9

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