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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 8/2012

01-08-2012 | Original Paper

Self-Monitoring of Gaze in High Functioning Autism

Auteurs: Ouriel Grynszpan, Jacqueline Nadel, Jean-Claude Martin, Jérôme Simonin, Pauline Bailleul, Yun Wang, Daniel Gepner, Florence Le Barillier, Jacques Constant

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 8/2012

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Abstract

Atypical visual behaviour has been recently proposed to account for much of social misunderstanding in autism. Using an eye-tracking system and a gaze-contingent lens display, the present study explores self-monitoring of eye motion in two conditions: free visual exploration and guided exploration via blurring the visual field except for the focal area of vision. During these conditions, thirteen students with High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorders (HFASD) and fourteen typical individuals were presented naturalistic and interactive social stimuli using virtual reality. Fixation data showed a weaker modulation of eye movements according to the conditions in the HFASD group, thus suggesting impairments in self-monitoring of gaze. Moreover, the gaze-contingent lens induced a visual behaviour whereby social understanding scores were correlated with the time spent gazing at faces. The device could be useful for treating gaze monitoring deficiencies in HFASD.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Self-Monitoring of Gaze in High Functioning Autism
Auteurs
Ouriel Grynszpan
Jacqueline Nadel
Jean-Claude Martin
Jérôme Simonin
Pauline Bailleul
Yun Wang
Daniel Gepner
Florence Le Barillier
Jacques Constant
Publicatiedatum
01-08-2012
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 8/2012
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-011-1404-9

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