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21-05-2016 | Original Article | Uitgave 1/2017

Child Psychiatry & Human Development 1/2017

Self-Esteem of 8–14-Year-Old Children with Psychiatric Disorders: Disorder- and Gender-Specific Effects

Tijdschrift:
Child Psychiatry & Human Development > Uitgave 1/2017
Auteurs:
Stephanie Stadelmann, Madlen Grunewald, Charlotte Gibbels, Sonia Jaeger, Tina Matuschek, Steffi Weis, Annette Maria Klein, Andreas Hiemisch, Kai von Klitzing, Mirko Döhnert

Abstract

In this study, we investigated the relation between global and domain-specific self-esteem and psychiatric disorders. A sample of 577 children aged 8–14 years was recruited via psychiatric hospitals and from the general population. Parents were given a diagnostic interview to assess children’s psychiatric diagnoses (current/past). Parents and children completed questionnaires on child symptoms. Children completed a questionnaire on global and domain-specific self-esteem (scales: scholastic competence, social acceptance, athletic performance and physical appearance, global self-esteem). Self-esteem of children with current psychiatric disorders was lower than that of healthy controls (η p 2 between 0.01 and 0.08). Concerning scholastic competence, social acceptance and global self-esteem, children with past psychiatric disorders scored also lower than healthy controls. Different current psychiatric disorders showed specific but small effects on dimensions of self-esteem (β between −0.08 and 0.19). Moreover, we found a gender × group interaction, indicating that girls with depressive and adjustment disorders were specifically impaired in their global self-esteem and perception of their physical appearance. Findings might help clinicians to focus on particular domains of self-esteem during the diagnostic process and to define adequate treatment goals.

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