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07-06-2022 | ORIGINAL PAPER

Nonattachment Alleviates the Longitudinal Impact of Experienced and Anticipated Discrimination on Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Auteurs: Kevin Ka Shing Chan, Charles Chiu Hung Yip, Zixin Wang

Gepubliceerd in: Mindfulness | Uitgave 7/2022

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Abstract

Objectives

Research shows that stigma has an adverse psychological impact on parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, there are very few studies examining the potential protective factors that may buffer the adverse impact. The present study investigated the longitudinal associations of experienced discrimination and anticipated discrimination with detrimental cognitive consequences (i.e., self-stigma content and self-stigma process) and affective consequences (i.e., parenting stress and depressive symptoms) for parents of children with ASD and tested whether these associations would be moderated by nonattachment.

Methods

At two time points separated by 24 months, 381 Hong Kong parents of children with ASD completed standardized questionnaires to provide data on experienced discrimination, anticipated discrimination, nonattachment, self-stigma content, self-stigma process, parenting stress, and depressive symptoms.

Results

Hierarchical regressions showed that experienced discrimination and anticipated discrimination had significant interactions with nonattachment at baseline in predicting adverse psychological consequences (i.e., self-stigma content, self-stigma process, parenting stress, and depressive symptoms) at follow-up. In addition, simple slope analyses showed that the associations of experienced discrimination and anticipated discrimination with the adverse psychological consequences were weaker in parents with high nonattachment than in parents with low nonattachment.

Conclusions

Our findings indicate the longitudinal associations of experienced discrimination and anticipated discrimination with detrimental cognitive consequences and affective consequences for parents of children with ASD, and highlight the protective effects of nonattachment against such associations. These findings suggest the importance of supporting parents of children with ASD to increase nonattachment in order to cope with discrimination and improve psychological well-being.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Nonattachment Alleviates the Longitudinal Impact of Experienced and Anticipated Discrimination on Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Auteurs
Kevin Ka Shing Chan
Charles Chiu Hung Yip
Zixin Wang
Publicatiedatum
07-06-2022
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Mindfulness / Uitgave 7/2022
Print ISSN: 1868-8527
Elektronisch ISSN: 1868-8535
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-022-01911-w

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