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13-10-2016 | Uitgave 2/2017

Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 2/2017

Latent Classes of Dysregulated Behaviors Relate to Negative Mental Images

Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment > Uitgave 2/2017
Marie Cloos, Charlotte Weßlau, Regina Steil, Volkmar Höfling


Dysregulated behaviors (DBs), such as self-harm or binge eating, are related to various negative outcomes. In this study, we investigate how classes of individuals vary in their level of DBs. We compare the classes with regards to their experiences regarding negative mental images and emotion regulation strategies. A web-based survey assessed eleven DBs in a sample of N=912 adults. A latent class analysis (LCA) identified a class of 168 adults that were prone to various DBs (“high(DBs)”). Another class (n = 46) reported drunkenness and risks for drug use and overeating (“high(Intake)”). The majority of individuals (n = 698) featured a low rate of DBs (“low(DBs)”). The high(DBs) exhibited the highest scores in distressing imagery and maladaptive emotion regulation. The high(Intake) had a low overall profile; however, it displayed increased imagery nowness. Class differences were leveled by depressive symptoms. The findings help extend the knowledge on DBs and their correlates. Clinical implications are discussed.

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