Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
This study investigated the knowledge and perceived competence of Ontario physicians regarding the diagnosis and treatment of ASDs. Previous research demonstrates that many physicians would like more education regarding diagnosis and treatment of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Twenty-seven Ontario physicians filled out a questionnaire and participated in a semi-structured interview. Findings revealed that despite participants’ high perceived knowledge regarding diagnosis and treatment of ASDs, they feel uncomfortable in providing care for this population. Furthermore, many participants stated diagnosing and treating ASDs is not within their scope of practice. Findings have implications for increasing physicians’ knowledge of diagnosis and treatment of ASDs as well as what is required to enhance healthcare for individuals with ASDs and their families.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
American Psychological Association. (2018). Autism. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/topics/autism/index.aspx.
Anagnostou, E., Zwaigenbaum, L., Szatmari, P., Fombonne, E., Fernandez, B. A., Woodbury-Smith, M., et al. (2014). Autism spectrum disorder: Advances in evidence-based practice. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 186(7), 509–519. CrossRef
Autism Speaks. (2015). Autism prevalence. Retrieved January 20, 2015, from http://www.autismspeaks.org/what-autism/prevalence.
Baron-Cohen, S., Scott, F. J., Allison, C., Williams, J., Bolton, P., Matthews, F. E., & Brayne, C. (2009). Prevalence of autism-spectrum conditions: UK school-based population study. British Journal of Psychiatry, 194, 500–509. CrossRef
Boyd, B. A., Odom, S. L., Humphreys, B. P., & Sam, A. M. (2010). Infants and toddlers with autism spectrum disorder: Early identification and early intervention. Journal of Early Intervention, 32(2), 75–98. CrossRef
Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2), 77–101. CrossRef
Canadian Paediatric Society. (2016). Behavioural and general developmental screening tools. Retrieved from https://www.cps.ca/en/tools-outils/behavioural-and-general-developmental-screening-tools.
Carbone, P. S., Behl, D. D., Azor, V., & Murphy, N. A. (2010). The medical home for children with autism spectrum disorders: Parent and pediatrician perspectives. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40(3), 317–324. CrossRef
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018). Autism prevalence slightly higher in CDC’s ADDM Network. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2018/p0426-autism-prevalence.html.
Crais, E. R., Mccomish, C. S., Humphreys, B. P., Watson, L. R., Baranek, G. T., Reznick, J. S., et al. (2014). Pediatric healthcare professionals’ views on autism spectrum disorder screening at 12–18 months. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 44(9), 2311–2328. CrossRef
Creswell, J., & Tashakkori, A. (2007). Developing publishable mixed methods manuscripts. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 1(2), 107–111. CrossRef
Daniels, A. M., Halladay, A. K., Shih, A., Elder, L. M., & Dawson, G. (2014). Approaches to enhancing the early detection of autism spectrum disorders: A systematic review of the literature. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 53(2), 141–152. CrossRef
Finke, E. H., Drager, K. D. R., & Ash, S. (2010). Paediatricians’ perspectives on identification and diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Early Childhood Research, 8(3), 254–268. CrossRef
Gordon-Lipkin, E., Foster, J., & Peacock, G. (2016). Whittling down the wait time: Exploring models to minimize the delay from initial concern to diagnosis and treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 63(5), 851–859. CrossRef
Harrington, J. W., Rosen, L., Garnecho, A., & Patrick, P. A. (2006). Parental perceptions and use of complementary and alternative medicine practices for children with autistic spectrum disorders in private practice. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 27, S156–S161. CrossRef
Harris, S., & Handleman, J. (2000). Age and IQ at intake as predictors of placement for young children with autism: A four- to six-year follow-up. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 30, 137–142. CrossRef
Havercamp, S. M., Ratliff-Schaub, K., Macho, P. N., Johnson, C. N., Bush, K. L., & Souders, H. T. (2016). Preparing tomorrow’s doctors to care for patients with autism spectrum disorder. Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 54(3), 202–216. CrossRef
Isaacs, B., Minnes, P., Burbidge, J., Loh, A., & Versnel, J. (2012). Comparison of medical, nursing and allied healthcare students’ training in developmental disabilities. April 2012: Poster presented at the Ontario Association on Developmental Disabilities Research Special Interest Group Meeting, Kingston, Ontario.
Kanner, L. (1943). Autistic disturbances of affective contact. Nervous Child, 2, 217–250.
Keenan, M., Dillenburger, K., Doherty, A., Byrne, T., & Gallagher, S. (2010). The experiences of parents during diagnosis and forward planning for children with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 23(4), 390–397. CrossRef
Liptak, G. S., Orlando, M., Yingling, J. T., Theurer-Kaufman, K. L., Malay, D. P., Tompkins, L. A., et al. (2006). Satisfaction with primary health care received by families of children with developmental disabilities. Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 20(4), 245–252. CrossRef
McMorris, C. A., Cox, E., Hudson, M., Liu, X., & Bebko, J. M. (2013). The diagnostic process of children with autism spectrum disorder: Implications for early identification and intervention. Journal on Developmental Disabilities, 19(2), 42–49.
McPartland, J. C., Reichow, B., & Volkmar, F. R. (2012). Sensitivity and specificity of proposed DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 51(4), 368–383. CrossRef
Minnes, P., Isaacs, B., Burbidge, J., Loh, A., & Versnel, J. (2012). Predictors of healthcare students perceived competence working with individuals with developmental disabilities. Ontario 2012: Poster presented at the Ontario Association on Developmental Disabilities Research Special Interest Group Meeting, Kingston.
Nah, Y., Young, R. L., Brewer, N., & Berlingeri, G. (2014). Autism detection in early childhood (ADEC): Reliability and validity data for a level 2 screening tool for autistic disorder. Psychological Assessment, 26(1), 215–226. CrossRef
Rhoades, R. A., Scarpe, A., & Salley, B. (2007). The importance of physician knowledge of autism spectrum disorder: Results of a parent survey. BMC Pediatrics, 7(37), 1–10.
Rice, C., Nicholas, J., Baio, J., Pettygrove, S., Lee, L. C., Braun, K. V. N., et al. (2010). Changes in autism spectrum disorder prevalence in 4 areas of the United States. Disability and Health Journal, 3(3), 186–201. CrossRef
Self, T. L., Parham, D. F., & Rajagopalan, J. (2015). Autism spectrum disorder early screening practices: A survey of physicians. Communication Disorders Quarterly, 36(4), 195–207. CrossRef
Skuse, D. H. (2012). DSM-5’s conceptualization of autistic disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 51(4), 344–346. CrossRef
Steiner, A. M., Goldsmith, T. R., Snow, A. V., & Chawarska, K. (2012). Practitioner’s guide to assessment of autism spectrum disorders in infants and toddlers. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42, 1183–1196. CrossRef
Tsai, L. Y., & Ghaziuddin, M. (2014). DSM-5 ASD moves forward into the past. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 44(2), 321–330. CrossRef
Woodard, L. J., Havercamp, S. M., Zwygart, K. K., & Perkins, E. A. (2012). An innovative clerkship module focused on patients with disabilities. Academic Medicine, 87, 537–542. CrossRef
- “In Medical School, You Get Far More Training on Medical Stuff than Developmental Stuff”: Perspectives on ASD from Ontario Physicians
Shelley L. Watson
- Springer US