Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel
Although most researchers agree that individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) exhibit atypical attention, there is little consensus on the exact nature of their deficits. We explored whether attentional control in ASD varies as a function of motor proficiency. Nineteen children with ASD and 26 typically-developing controls completed the Movement Assessment Battery for Children and two ocular motor tasks requiring them to generate a saccade toward, and fixate, a visual target in the presence or absence of a distractor. The ASD group demonstrated poorer accuracy than typically-developing controls when distractors were present. Importantly, however, ASD symptomology was only related to poorer accuracy in individuals with motor difficulties. These findings suggest that distractor inhibition may be selectively impaired in this subgroup.
Log in om toegang te krijgen
Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:
Ames, C., & Fletcher-Watson, S. (2010). A review of methods in the study of attention in autism. Developmental Review, 30(1), 52–73. CrossRef
Anzulewicz, A., Sobota, K., & Delafield-Butt, J. T. (2016). Toward the autism motor signature: Gesture patterns during smart tablet gameplay identify children with autism. Scientific Reports, 6, 1–13. CrossRef
APA. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing.
Blaser, E., Eglington, L., Carter, A. S., & Kaldy, Z. (2014). Pupillometry reveals a mechanism for the autism spectrum disorder (ASD) advantage in visual tasks. Scientific Reports, 4, 1–5.
Conners, K. C. (2008). Conners (3rd ed.). Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.
Constantino, J. N., & Gruber, C. P. (2012). Social responsiveness scale-second edition (SRS-2). Torrance: Western Psychological Services.
Enderle, J. D. (2010). Models of horizontal eye movements, part 1: Early models of saccades and smooth pursuit. Synthesis Lectures on Biomedical Engineering, 5(1), 1–163.
Enticott, P. G., Bradshaw, J. L., Iansek, R., Tonge, B. J., & Rinehart, N. (2009). Electrophysiological signs of supplementary-motor-area deficits in high-functioning autism but not Asperger’s syndrome: An examination of internally cued movement-related potentials. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 51(10), 787–791. CrossRefPubMed
Eriksen, B. A., & Eriksen, C. W. (1974). Effects of noise letters upon the identification of a target letter in a nonsearch task. Perception and Psychophysics, 16(1), 143–149. CrossRef
Hampson, D. R., & Blatt, G. J. (2015). Autism spectrum disorders and neuropathology of the cerebellum. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 9, 1–16. CrossRef
Hayes, A. F. (2013). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis: A regression-based approach. New York: The Guildford Press.
Henderson, S. E., Sugden, D. A., & Barnett, A. L. (2007). Movement assessment battery for children-2: Movement ABC-2: Examiner’s manual. London: Pearson.
Houghton, G., & Tipper, S. P. (1994). A model of inhibitory mechanisms in selective attention. In D. Dagenbach & T. Carr (Eds.), Inhibitory processes in attention, memory, and language (pp. 53–112). Orlando: Academic Press.
Laidi, C., Boisgontier, J., Chakravarty, M. M., Hotier, S., d’Albis, M. A., Mangin, J. O., et al. (2017). Cerebellar anatomical alterations and attention to eyes in autism. Scientific Reports, 7(1), 1–11. CrossRef
Levy, S. E., Giarelli, E., Lee, L.-C., Schieve, L. A., Kirby, R. S., Cunniff, C., et al. (2010). Autism spectrum disorder and co-occurring developmental, psychiatric, and medical conditions among children in multiple populations of the United States. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 31, 267–275. CrossRefPubMed
Murphy, C. M., Christakou, A., Daly, E. M., Ecker, C., Giampietro, V., Brammer, M., et al. (2014). Abnormal functional activation and maturation of fronto-striato-temporal and cerebellar regions during sustained attention in autism spectrum disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 171, 1107–1116. CrossRefPubMed
Mutreja, R., Craig, C., & O’Boyle, M. W. (2016). Attentional network deficits in children with autism spectrum disorder. Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 19(6), 389–397. PubMed
Rinehart, N. J., Bellgrove, M. A., Tonge, B. J., Brereton, A. V., Howells-Rankin, D., & Bradshaw, J. L. (2006a). An examination of movement kinematics in young people with high-functioning autism and Asperger’s disorder: Further evidence for a motor planning deficit. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36(6), 757–767. CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentral
Sattler, J. M., & Dumont, R. (2004). Assessment of children: WISC-IV and WPPSI-III supplement. San Diego: Sattler.
- Distractor Inhibition in Autism Spectrum Disorder: Evidence of a Selective Impairment for Individuals with Co-occurring Motor Difficulties
- Springer US
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432