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12-11-2014 | Original Article

Facilitation and interference during the preparation of bimanual movements: contributions from starting locations, movement amplitudes, and target locations

Auteurs: Jarrod Blinch, Brendan D. Cameron, Ian M. Franks, Mark G. Carpenter, Romeo Chua

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 6/2015

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Abstract

Symmetric, target-directed, bimanual movements take less time to prepare than asymmetric movements (Diedrichsen et al. in Cerebral Cortex 16(12):1729–1738, 2006; Heuer and Klein in Psychol Res 70(4):229–244, 2006b). The preparation savings for symmetric movements may be related to the specification of symmetric amplitudes, target locations, or both. The goals of this study were to determine which symmetric movement parameters facilitate the preparation of bimanual movements and to compare the size of the facilitation for different parameters. Thirty participants performed bimanual reaching movements that varied in terms of the symmetry/asymmetry of starting locations, movement amplitudes, and target locations. Reaction time savings were examined by comparing movements that had one symmetric parameter (and two asymmetric parameters) to movements with all asymmetric parameters. We observed significant savings (~10 ms) for movements with symmetric amplitudes and movements with symmetric target locations. Reaction time costs were examined by comparing movements that had two asymmetric parameters (and one symmetric parameter) to movements with all symmetric parameters. We observed significant reaction time costs (~13 ms) for all movements with asymmetric amplitudes. These results suggest that movement preparation is facilitated when amplitudes or target locations are symmetric and that movement preparation suffers interference when amplitudes are asymmetric. The relative importance of the three parameters to movement preparation, from most to least important, is movement amplitudes, target locations, and then starting locations. Interference with asymmetric amplitudes or target locations may be caused by cross-talk between concurrent processes of parameter specification during response programming.
Voetnoten
1
Statistically, it does not make a difference whether we analyse the RT savings [(SaT, sAT, SAt)—SAT] or the RTs (SaT, sAT, SAt). Subtracting SAT from the RTs to calculate the RT savings affects the participant variance but neither the treatment variance nor the error variance. The results of these analyses are identical because repeated measures ANOVAs disregard the participant variance. The variances that are used are the treatment and error variances and these are identical in both calculations. Therefore, analysis of the RTs allowed us to make inferences about the relative RT savings.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
Facilitation and interference during the preparation of bimanual movements: contributions from starting locations, movement amplitudes, and target locations
Auteurs
Jarrod Blinch
Brendan D. Cameron
Ian M. Franks
Mark G. Carpenter
Romeo Chua
Publicatiedatum
12-11-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 6/2015
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-014-0624-y

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