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30-11-2014 | Original Article

When the going gets tough…: Self-motivation is associated with invigoration and fun

Auteurs: Miguel Kazén, Julius Kuhl, Eva-Maria Leicht

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 6/2015

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Abstract

Personality systems interaction (PSI) theory postulates two executive control modes in volitional action: Self-control and self-regulation (self-motivation). Self-control should deplete energy whereas self-motivation should maintain energy and result in invigoration. There were three groups of participants: Self-control, self-motivation, and pretend, who performed a resource-demanding Stroop-Shift and an anagram task. Performance and energy expenditure were examined in each task. Compared to the other groups, the self-motivation group showed increments in blood glucose throughout the experiment, indicating invigoration, and had better performance on the difficult Stroop-Shift task than the self-control group. Additionally, for the self-motivation group anagram performance correlated with less effort and ease of concentration and was moderated by fun in the task. These results are consonant with the predictions of PSI and self-determination theories. It is concluded that self-control depletes resources whereas self-motivation is associated with invigoration in carrying resource-demanding tasks.
Voetnoten
1
We also had a pilot group of 29 participants with self-control instructions, but who drank a 300 ml sugar beverage after those instructions (see Gailliot et al., 2007), to check out their blood glucose levels throughout the experiment. Results were equivalent to the self-control group: Although they had a significant increase in blood glucose levels at time 2, as it may be expected, they had a substantial drop of blood glucose levels afterwards (at time 3). That is, they did not maintain high blood glucose levels throughout the experiment. They also showed no significant change in pulse rates. Because this group did not carry out the Anagram tasks nor filled out the subjective ratings of effort or fun at the end, we do not include their results in the main text.
 
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Metagegevens
Titel
When the going gets tough…: Self-motivation is associated with invigoration and fun
Auteurs
Miguel Kazén
Julius Kuhl
Eva-Maria Leicht
Publicatiedatum
30-11-2014
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 6/2015
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-014-0631-z

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