Skip to main content
main-content
Top

Tip

Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research 6/2021

30-08-2020 | Original Article

Eye movements of recent and remote autobiographical memories: fewer and longer lasting fixations during the retrieval of childhood memories

Auteurs: Mohamad El Haj, Claire Boutoleau-Bretonnière, Steve M. J. Janssen

Gepubliceerd in: Psychological Research | Uitgave 6/2021

Log in om toegang te krijgen
share
DELEN

Deel dit onderdeel of sectie (kopieer de link)

  • Optie A:
    Klik op de rechtermuisknop op de link en selecteer de optie “linkadres kopiëren”
  • Optie B:
    Deel de link per e-mail

Abstract

There is an increased interest in the study of eye movements during the retrieval of autobiographical memories. Following this trend, the aim of the current study was to evaluate eye movements during the retrieval of remote and recent autobiographical memories. We instructed 71 participants to retrieve memories of personal events from early childhood (6–10 years), late childhood/early adolescence (11–14 years), late adolescence (15–18 years), and the last month. During the retrieval of these memories, participants wore eye-tracking glasses. Analyses showed that early childhood memories triggered fewer fixations and fixations with longer durations than memories from the last month. However, no significant differences were observed for the number of saccades, saccade durations, or total amplitude of the saccades. The fewer and longer lasting fixations during the retrieval of early childhood memories can be attributed either to the visual system reconstructing remote memories from an observer perspective or to difficulties when reconstructing remote memories.
Literatuur
go back to reference Conway, M. A. (2005). Memory and the self. Journal of Memory and Language, 53, 594–628. CrossRef Conway, M. A. (2005). Memory and the self. Journal of Memory and Language, 53, 594–628. CrossRef
go back to reference Conway, M. A., & Pleydell-Pearce, C. W. (2000). The construction of autobiographical memories in the self-memory system. Psychological Review, 107, 261–288. CrossRef Conway, M. A., & Pleydell-Pearce, C. W. (2000). The construction of autobiographical memories in the self-memory system. Psychological Review, 107, 261–288. CrossRef
go back to reference El Haj, M., Delerue, C., Omigie, D., Antoine, P., Nandrino, J. L., & Boucart, M. (2014). Autobiographical recall triggers visual exploration. Journal of Eye Movement Research, 7, 1–7. El Haj, M., Delerue, C., Omigie, D., Antoine, P., Nandrino, J. L., & Boucart, M. (2014). Autobiographical recall triggers visual exploration. Journal of Eye Movement Research, 7, 1–7.
go back to reference Grober, E., & Buschke, H. (1987). Genuine memory deficits in dementia. Developmental Neuropsychology, 3, 13–36. CrossRef Grober, E., & Buschke, H. (1987). Genuine memory deficits in dementia. Developmental Neuropsychology, 3, 13–36. CrossRef
go back to reference Howe, M. L., & Courage, M. L. (1997). The emergence and early development of autobiographical memory. Psychological Review, 104, 499–523. CrossRef Howe, M. L., & Courage, M. L. (1997). The emergence and early development of autobiographical memory. Psychological Review, 104, 499–523. CrossRef
go back to reference McConkie, G. W. (1983). Eye movements and perception during reading. In K. Rayner (Ed.), Eye movements in reading: Perceptual and language processes (pp. 65–96). New York: Academic Press. CrossRef McConkie, G. W. (1983). Eye movements and perception during reading. In K. Rayner (Ed.), Eye movements in reading: Perceptual and language processes (pp. 65–96). New York: Academic Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Mitchell, K. J., & Johnson, M. K. (2009). Source monitoring 15 years later: What have we learned from fMRI about the neural mechanisms of source memory? Psychological Bulletin, 135, 638–677. CrossRef Mitchell, K. J., & Johnson, M. K. (2009). Source monitoring 15 years later: What have we learned from fMRI about the neural mechanisms of source memory? Psychological Bulletin, 135, 638–677. CrossRef
go back to reference Nadel, L., & Moscovitch, M. (1997). Memory consolidation, retrograde amnesia and the hippocampal complex. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 7, 217–227. CrossRef Nadel, L., & Moscovitch, M. (1997). Memory consolidation, retrograde amnesia and the hippocampal complex. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 7, 217–227. CrossRef
go back to reference Nadel, L., Winocur, G., Ryan, L., & Moscovitch, M. (2007b). Systems consolidation and hippocampus: Two views. Debates in Neuroscience, 1, 55–66. CrossRef Nadel, L., Winocur, G., Ryan, L., & Moscovitch, M. (2007b). Systems consolidation and hippocampus: Two views. Debates in Neuroscience, 1, 55–66. CrossRef
go back to reference Perner, J., & Ruffman, T. (1995). Episodic memory and autonoetic consciousness: Developmental evidence and a theory of childhood amnesia. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 59, 516–548. CrossRef Perner, J., & Ruffman, T. (1995). Episodic memory and autonoetic consciousness: Developmental evidence and a theory of childhood amnesia. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 59, 516–548. CrossRef
go back to reference Rubin, D. C. (2005). A basic-systems approach to autobiographical memory. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 14, 79–83. CrossRef Rubin, D. C. (2005). A basic-systems approach to autobiographical memory. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 14, 79–83. CrossRef
go back to reference Rubin, D. C., Rahhal, T. A., & Poon, L. W. (1998). Things learned in early adulthood are remembered best. Memory & Cognition, 26, 3–19. CrossRef Rubin, D. C., Rahhal, T. A., & Poon, L. W. (1998). Things learned in early adulthood are remembered best. Memory & Cognition, 26, 3–19. CrossRef
go back to reference Rubin, D. C., & Schulkind, M. D. (1997). Properties of word cues for autobiographical memory. Psychological Reports, 81, 47–50. CrossRef Rubin, D. C., & Schulkind, M. D. (1997). Properties of word cues for autobiographical memory. Psychological Reports, 81, 47–50. CrossRef
go back to reference Rubin, D. C., & Wenzel, A. E. (1996). 100 years of forgetting: A quantitative description of retention. Psychological Review, 103, 734–760. CrossRef Rubin, D. C., & Wenzel, A. E. (1996). 100 years of forgetting: A quantitative description of retention. Psychological Review, 103, 734–760. CrossRef
go back to reference Rubin, D. C., Wetzler, S. E., & Nebes, R. D. (1986). Autobiographical memory across the adult life span. In D. C. Rubin (Ed.), Autobiographical memory (pp. 202–221). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef Rubin, D. C., Wetzler, S. E., & Nebes, R. D. (1986). Autobiographical memory across the adult life span. In D. C. Rubin (Ed.), Autobiographical memory (pp. 202–221). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. CrossRef
go back to reference Talarico, J. M., LaBar, K. S., & Rubin, D. C. (2004). Emotional intensity predicts autobiographical memory experience. Memory & Cognition, 32, 1118–1132. CrossRef Talarico, J. M., LaBar, K. S., & Rubin, D. C. (2004). Emotional intensity predicts autobiographical memory experience. Memory & Cognition, 32, 1118–1132. CrossRef
go back to reference Usher, J. A., & Neisser, U. (1993). Childhood amnesia and the beginnings of memory for four early life events. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 122, 155–165. CrossRef Usher, J. A., & Neisser, U. (1993). Childhood amnesia and the beginnings of memory for four early life events. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 122, 155–165. CrossRef
Metagegevens
Titel
Eye movements of recent and remote autobiographical memories: fewer and longer lasting fixations during the retrieval of childhood memories
Auteurs
Mohamad El Haj
Claire Boutoleau-Bretonnière
Steve M. J. Janssen
Publicatiedatum
30-08-2020
Uitgeverij
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Gepubliceerd in
Psychological Research / Uitgave 6/2021
Print ISSN: 0340-0727
Elektronisch ISSN: 1430-2772
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-020-01403-3