Skip to main content


Swipe om te navigeren naar een ander artikel

29-07-2020 | Original Article | Uitgave 6/2021

Psychological Research 6/2021

Response orientation modulates pitch–space relationships: the ROMPR effect

Psychological Research > Uitgave 6/2021
Sarah F. Klapman, Jordan T. Munn, Jonathan M. P. Wilbiks
Belangrijke opmerkingen

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.


Congruency between auditory and visuospatial stimuli has been previously shown to affect responses to multisensory stimulus pairs, and congruency between stimuli and response devices may play a role in response speed and accuracy. Across two experiments, we tested whether the accuracy and speed of pitch judgments were affected by a congruent or incongruent paired visual stimulus, and whether the relationship was modulated by response orientation. In Experiment 1, participants using a vertically (transversely) oriented keyboard demonstrated a large crossmodal vertical effect, but a minimal crossmodal horizontal effect. In contrast, Experiment 2 used a horizontally oriented keyboard, while also examining whether musical training impacts pitch judgments. As in the first experiment, we found an effect of response mapping on pitch judgments; these results suggest that vertical visual stimuli are processed automatically, while the effects of horizontal visual stimuli are decisional and require a compatible response orientation. Based on these findings, we propose an effect we call the ROMPR effect: response orientation modulates pitch–space relationships. Unexpectedly, non-musicians demonstrated significant ROMPR effects while trained musicians did not. We suggest that non-musicians are more likely to use visual information when making spatial location judgments of pitch: unlike musicians, they have not been trained to rely exclusively on auditory information during pitch processing. We also discuss alternative explanations of the data: namely, that there is a need to disambiguate audiovisual congruency from visual–response congruency with modulations of experimental design.

Log in om toegang te krijgen

Met onderstaand(e) abonnement(en) heeft u direct toegang:

BSL Psychologie Totaal

Met BSL Psychologie Totaal blijf je als professional steeds op de hoogte van de nieuwste ontwikkelingen binnen jouw vak. Met het online abonnement heb je toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. Zo kun je op je gemak en wanneer het jou het beste uitkomt verdiepen in jouw vakgebied.

Over dit artikel

Andere artikelen Uitgave 6/2021

Psychological Research 6/2021 Naar de uitgave