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Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 12/2021

17-04-2021 | S.I.: Autism in Review: 1980-2020: 40 years after DSM-III

Epidemiological surveys of ASD: advances and remaining challenges

Auteurs: Eric Fombonne, Heather MacFarlane, Alexandra C. Salem

Gepubliceerd in: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders | Uitgave 12/2021

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Abstract

Recent worldwide epidemiological surveys of autism conducted in 37 countries are reviewed; the median prevalence of autism is .97% in 26 high-income countries. Methodological advances and remaining challenges in designing and executing surveys are discussed, including the effects on prevalence of variable case definitions and nosography, of reliance on parental reports only, case ascertainment through mainstream school surveys, innovative approaches to screen school samples more efficiently, and consideration of age in interpreting surveys. Directions for the future of autism epidemiology are discussed, including the need to systematically examine cross-cultural variation in phenotypic expression and developing surveillance programs.
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Metagegevens
Titel
Epidemiological surveys of ASD: advances and remaining challenges
Auteurs
Eric Fombonne
Heather MacFarlane
Alexandra C. Salem
Publicatiedatum
17-04-2021
Uitgeverij
Springer US
Gepubliceerd in
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders / Uitgave 12/2021
Print ISSN: 0162-3257
Elektronisch ISSN: 1573-3432
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-021-05005-9

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