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08-11-2018 | Original Paper | Uitgave 3/2019 Open Access

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 3/2019

Effects of Delay, Question Type, and Socioemotional Support on Episodic Memory Retrieval by Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders > Uitgave 3/2019
Auteurs:
Telma Sousa Almeida, Michael E. Lamb, Emma J. Weisblatt

Abstract

Twenty-seven autistic children and 32 typically developing (TD) peers were questioned about an experienced event after a two-week delay and again after a two-month delay, using the Revised National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Investigative Interview Protocol. Recall prompts elicited more detailed and more accurate responses from children than recognition prompts. Autistic children recalled fewer correct narrative details than TD peers when questioned using open invitations, cued invitations, and directive questions. Nonetheless, they were as accurate as TD peers when responding to all types of prompts. The informativeness and accuracy of children’s reports remained unchanged over time. Social support was beneficial when children were interviewed for the first time but not after a longer delay.

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