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19-01-2016 | Original Paper | Uitgave 6/2016

Journal of Child and Family Studies 6/2016

Do Youth Development Programs Matter? An Examination of Transitions and Well-Being Among Military Youth

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Child and Family Studies > Uitgave 6/2016
Auteurs:
Evin W. Richardson, Jacquelyn K. Mallette, Catherine W. O’Neal, Jay A. Mancini

Abstract

The current correlational study examines the association between internal and external military family contextual factors (e.g., parental rank, having multiple military parents, school changes, living more than 30 min from a military installation, parental deployment, relationship provisions) and military youth well-being outcomes (i.e., depressive symptoms, anxiety, self-efficacy) in a sample of children of active duty military members (i.e., military youth). Data from 749 military youth, ages 11–14, were analyzed using structural equation modeling. The model explained a reasonable amount of the variation in the outcomes of interest (r-square statistics for depressive symptoms, anxiety, and self-efficacy were .151, .018, and .086, respectively). Results indicated that military youth who reported more social provisions experienced fewer depressive symptoms and more self-efficacy. Youth who reported certain military risk factors (i.e., parental rank; living farther from the military installation; multiple school changes) were associated with decreased well-being (i.e., more depressive symptoms and anxiety and less self-efficacy). However, findings suggest that participation in military programs may serve a moderating or buffering factor for these youth.

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