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25-01-2016 | Original Paper | Uitgave 6/2016

Journal of Child and Family Studies 6/2016

Development of the Friendships and Social Skills Test (FASST): A Parent Report Measure

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Child and Family Studies > Uitgave 6/2016
Auteurs:
Stephen P. H. Whiteside, Denis M. McCarthy, Leslie A. Sim, Bridget K. Biggs, Joshua E. Petrikin, Michael W. Mellon

Abstract

This paper describes the initial development of the Friendships and Social Skills Test (FASST), a clinically oriented 25-item parent report measure of child peer relationships and social skills in a community (N = 423) and clinical sample (N = 159) of elementary school age children. Confirmatory factor analyses supported five factors measuring pro-social skills, negative peer directed behavior, friendship interactions, peer victimization, and the level of concern expressed about a child’s social functioning. Internal consistency and test–retest reliability of the FASST factors predominately ranged from moderate to very good. Validity was supported through higher scores in at-risk and clinical groups compared to children in the community and through correlations with an existing measure of social skills and emotional and behavioral functioning. Cross-informant validity was supported by correlations with teacher-report. Moreover, the scales measuring negative social behaviors and pro-social skills predicted changes in peer victimization and concern expressed about the child over a 1-year duration. By assessing positive and negative aspects of peer-directed behaviors and relationships the FASST has the potential to facilitate the identification and treatment of childhood social deficits in mental health settings.

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