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01-06-2012 | Uitgave 2/2012

Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment 2/2012

Differential Associations Between Relational and Overt Aggression and Children’s Psychosocial Adjustment

Tijdschrift:
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment > Uitgave 2/2012
Auteurs:
Teresa M. Preddy, Paula J. Fite

Abstract

Although much research has focused on the association between childhood aggression and negative psychosocial adjustment, the link between the subtypes of aggression and adjustment is less clear, particularly for relational aggression. The current study examined whether overt and relational aggression in childhood (M = 10.4 years, SD = 1.1) are differentially associated with four psychosocial adjustment outcomes (i.e., academic performance, social problems, depression, and delinquency). Results indicated that relational aggression was negatively associated with academic performance, while overt aggression was positively associated with delinquency. Additionally, findings suggested gender differences in the link between aggression subtypes and social problems. Specifically, overt aggression was positively associated with social problems for boys and relational aggression was positively associated with social problems for girls. Neither subtype of aggression was uniquely associated with depression. Thus, this study suggests that psychosocial outcomes may differ depending on the form of aggression that is utilized.

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